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Economic and commercial consideration in the American foreign policy

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  1. The American world power: For what reason and with what means does the US manage to maintain its power?
    1. The American imperialism
    2. The American hegemony
  2. Who influences the American foreign policy?
    1. The role of the American government
    2. Lobbies


The American imperialism began about 100 years ago, in 1890, with the end of the Frontier, an imaginary line that separated civilization from wilderness and that was constantly moving towards west. When the whole territory was conquered, it was like a shock in American mentality and it actually had an impact on foreign policy. The US began to look outside of its territory, seeking overseas what it couldn't find on its territory anymore. The Second World War, the opening of new markets, the new technologies were all frontiers that stimulated the US and seem to have insured its success since 1940. The US realized that an isolationist policy was inadequate since its growth and prosperity depended on the international economy. The adoption of an internationalist policy after the Second World War meant the important of defending American interest abroad and therefore to try and influence the course of event abroad to protect these interests.
Right at the end of the Second World War, European economies were deeply weakened and needed help to be rebuilt. The US solution was the establishment of the Marshall Plan in 1948 which was an economic support to these weakened economies. The American government's official reason for the Marshall Plan was to bring stability to Europe. In fact, Western Europe's vulnerability to communist influences jeopardized the American position in Europe. European economic stability meant American economic stability. The Marshall Plan was also a way of selling American industrial production to the countries that benefited from the Plan. Beyond political and ideological views, the US' main goal was, of course to extend the market for its industrial production.

[...] This belief has an enormous impact on Foreign Policy: the US should actively seek to export its values to other countries. Kennedy once said:?The cause of Humanity is the cause of America, we are responsible for maintaining liberty in the world.? However, influenced by self interest, the US has often used these ideals as an excuse. I'll divide my explanation into 2 major points: - The American world power: For what reason and with what means does the US manage to maintain its power? - Who influences the American foreign policy? I. [...]


[...] The US began to look outside of its territory, seeking overseas what it couldn't find on its territory anymore. The Second World War, the opening of new markets, the new technologies were all frontiers that stimulated the US and seem to have insured its success since 1940. The US realized that an isolationist policy was inadequate since its growth and prosperity depended on the international economy. The adoption of an internationalist policy after the Second World War meant the important of defending American interest abroad and therefore to try and influence the course of event abroad to protect these interests. [...]


[...] The influence of the Military Industrial lobby and other pressure groups shows a certain importance in the American foreign policy. However, government entities are more influential than any lobby. Conclusion As a conclusion I would say that the US, mainly influenced by various actors, tends to base its foreign policy upon self interests rather than its ideology and often, ideals are used as a pretext for national interests. However, American ?internationalism? has often clashed with foreign mistrust and the US has been criticized for wanting to ?rule the world? in the name of defense of its values. [...]


[...] There is a combination of positive and negative feeling about the US, many people criticize its Puritanism, its arrogance cultural domination and anti-Americanism is fueled by the perception that the US has an imperialistic policy but at the same time many observers admit that the US has a major role to play in economy. [...]

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