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02/03/2011
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The Role of the United States in the Suez Crisis

  1. Intoduction
  2. PART I: The Kyoto Protocol
    1. Global warming
    2. The vertices of the earth
    3. The contents of the Protocol
  3. PART II: American diplomacy around the Kyoto Protocol
    1. General Remarks
    2. The positions of the presidents of the United States before the Kyoto Protocol
    3. The presidencies of Bill Clinton (1993-2001)
    4. The term of George W. Bush (2001-2009)
  4. Conclusion

The Suez Canal in Egypt became the root cause of a major conflict in 1956. The Suez crisis, also called the Tripartite Agression, was a battle that Israel, Britain and France fought against Egypt. The Suez canal allows for trade between Asia, Europe, the Middle East and the U.S, as it is the only means of transport between the Mediterranean and the Indian ocean. Britain and France wanted to control this canal for commercial and colonial reasons. The U.S and Britain had promised Egypt that they would aid the construction of the Aswan dam. However, they retracted from this. This irked Gamal Abdul Nasser, who had just taken over the Egyptian government. He nationalized the Suez Canal, as he wanted to use the funds raised from the operation of the canal to build the dam. Britain and France were angered with this move. They joined hands with Israel, and attacked Egypt. Within ten days, the Britain and French forces had gained control of the Suez region. The rest of the world shunned these nations for their actions. The U.N wanted to resolve this situation. USSR sent a diplomatic message asking the Anglo-French forces to withdraw, and threatened them that force would be used if necessary. Britain and France had ignored their ally, the U.S, and had not kept the U.S in the loop about their military intentions. The U.S President Eisenhower had tried to stop Israel from doing anything that would endanger world peace, to no avail. The U.S forces then asked the Sixth Fleet to evacuate U.S nationals from Egypt and Israel. After the UN intervened, Britain and France backed out, and the Suez canal was restored to Egypt, under the condition that they should allow free passage to ships of all nationality. The Suez crisis proved that the new super powers, the U.S and the USSR, had gained an upper hand over the old colonial powers: Britain and France. In this document, we will try to understand the position of the U.S, during the Suez crisis. we will first examine the U.S policy in the Middle East, in the decade preceding the crisis. Then, we will examine the different stages leading to the crisis. We will also try to determine the motives behind the intervention of the U.S during this crisis. Finally, we will look at the impact this crisis had on the British and French interests in the Middle East.

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