Analysis of European institutions
The list of European institutions or European organizations existing today:
1st Institution: The Western European Union was created in 1948, the organization has a military function, it includes only European states in the geographical sense.
Second institution: In 1948, the OEEC was created, i.e., the European organization for economic cooperation, thought it is known foremost as a European organization, it also includes the United States and Canada among its members. Its basic structure underwent a transformation in 1960 by organizing Cooperation and Development (OECD). Its vocation is implementation of economic cooperation between Member States.
Third institution: in 1949, NATO was created, that is to say, the organization of the North Atlantic Treaty. This so-called European organization also includes the United States and Canada. NATO has, of course, a military vocation.
4th Institution: Created in 1949, the Council of Europe has a political vocation which includes only the European states. It is this organization that adheres to the Chapot system of protection of human rights, the organization has a general purpose, it has a political vocation.
The three European Communities:
5th institution: In 1951, the ECSC was created, in other words, the organization that is the European Coal and Steel Community, whose main purpose was to organize the market for coal and steel in Europe; it began to operate on July 23, 1952. The treaty that created it had a duration of 50 years, it therefore expired on 23 July 2002.
6th institution: In 1957, the EEC was created, i.e., the European Economic Community.
7th Institution: In 1957 was created the EAEC or Euratom, the European Atomic Energy Community.
The problem is that these institutions have been included in a larger political entity, the EU, or the European Union established by the Maastricht Treaty in 1992. The ECSC disappeared in 2002. It includes the three communities that remain within the European Union. The EU has changed its name: the EEC became the EC in 1992, i.e., the European Community.
8th Institution: The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was created in 1960 is, again, this is an organization with an economic grouping of only European countries.
9th Institution: The Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) came into being in 1975. In 1994, it became the OSCE, that is to say, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. This is a very special organization that has the largest number of members, all the European members in 1975, that were at the heart of the Cold War (comprising both the states of Eastern Europe and Western Europe. This organization has a political vocation, it enables discussion and serves as a meeting ground between the countries of East and West.
10th Institution: 1992 witnessed the formation of the European Economic Area (EEA), an organization that was intended to link the members of EFTA to those of the EU.
The term "European Institutions" means, by convention in legal studies, a subset of international institutions. It is, in the narrowest legal sense, in fact, found in dictionaries of legal vocabulary that an institution is an entity constructed by the subjects of law, its members and is also distinct from its members.
Tags: European Institutions, The European Free Trade Association (EFTA), NATO