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Asian transformation from 1937 to 1950

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  1. L'ouverture progressive de l'Inde : de l'indépendance aux années 1980
    1. Le modèle nerhuvien
    2. Les relations internationales de l'Inde nerhuvienne
  2. Les facteurs favorables à l'internationalisation de l'Inde, des années 1980 à nos jours
    1. Les politiques économiques
    2. Les relations internationales et les accords multilatéraux
    3. Les secteurs ayant un poids important dans l'économie mondiale
  3. Cependant, l'Inde est confrontée à des problèmes qu'elle n'arrive pas à résoudre
    1. Un pays dual et inégal
    2. Une politique contraire au libéralisme
    3. Des crises
  4. Les perspectives d'avenir
    1. A court terme
    2. A long terme

The period from 1937 to 1950 began with the Sino-Japanese war and ended with the war of Korea. These two conflicts triggered two turbulent periods, both for the Asian order and the world order in the form of the Second World War and the Cold war. Consequently, the concept ?Asian Nature? can seem paradoxical.

How does one speak about ?order? during a time of chaos? And how can one speak of an ?Asian? nature when this order is in fact a world stage worked by foreign powers than by Asians themselves? In international relations, the concept of ?order? goes somewhat like this, ?the whole of the principles of organization which govern the relationship between the nations?.

This ?order? is a tangible reality which does not return to the idealized concept of being ?ordered?. In addition, if such an order comprises several economic, legal, and cultural dimensions, it is the politico-strategic dimension that is more particularly affected. Also, the object of our approach will be to analyze the main trends of the organizations of Asia from 1937 to 1950 and to seize the acting forces.

The goal will be to understand the stakes and the players in the Asian order in the same period. The imperialism and the Cold War mainly weighed on the Asian order between 1937 and 1950, making it undergo vast transformations, from the point of view of the territory as of the relations of power.

Japan proposes a new order Asia against Europe: in 1937, a Western colonial order is still required on Asia. After the relative weakness of the Western powers in the region following the Great Depression and the troubles facing European who had diverted their attention, the Western powers are trying again to influence this area to defend their interests and impose order in the face movements of revolutionary agitation that occur.

These movements, excited by the economic difficulties of the region, grew to a hardening of the colonial authority (e.g., Indo-China). The Western powers are still evolving their role against the China-Japan conflict block. Following the victory of Chiang Kai-shek, the European powers, anxious to safeguard their interests in the area, are more prone to renegotiate the unequal treaties previously imposed on China.

The strategy reinforces the unity of China and its international credit. Japan, relatively isolated by its action, intends to defend the interests of the territories it conquered in China, especially in the Manchukuo puppet state of Manchuria in 1931 annexed.

Tags: Asia; Asian transformation: 1937 to 1950; Japan; China; India

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