Did the UNO give birth to a new world order?
International conflicts keep multiplying everyday and the superpowers such as the United States declare war with countries that do not have international support. It is thus legitimate when one wonders about the true role of the United Nations Organization, an institution that is about to celebrate its 50th anniversary. In this context, it will be relevant to question if the UN has incontestably failed to prevent the wars, or whether it has at least favored the emergence of a ?new world order?.
With the great wartime alliance barely sealed in the year 1946, many people feel, through the establishment of the UN, the illusion of lasting peace. The idea of an international organization for peace was discussed at the major Allied conferences during wartime 1945. This then led to the creation of the UN. The conference opened on April 25 in San Francisco, during which the charter of the ?United Nations? was drawn up. It was signed on June 25 by representatives of its 51 founding members.
The objective of the UN is clear: to ensure lasting peace on the international scene by promoting cooperation between countries, and avoid repeating the failures of the defunct League. The objective is to also "save succeeding generations from the scourge of war which twice in the space of a human life has inflicted untold suffering for humanity?. Defending human rights is also at the forefront of the minds of the UN, as the affirmation of equality between nations and genders. It therefore appears that through all these aspirations, the aim of the UN is to essentially influence the world order.
At the end of the twentieth century, 50 years after the creation of the UN, Pope John Paul II said: "It feels like there is more need for a new international order, which will draw upon the experience and results obtained during these years by the United Nations." The UN would have partially fulfilled its role, which weighed heavily on international relations.
But his critics, for their part, insist more on his failures, particularly on missed interventions such as that of Somalia in 1993, seeking to demonstrate his true inability to weigh on the diplomatic scene. What is it exactly? The UN has managed to create a new world order? Was it imposed at the center of international relations or did it fail to reverse its determination to influence the diplomatic stage for lasting peace and ensure respect for human rights on the globe?
If the United Nations appears to have heavily impacted the reorganization of the world since the Second World War, it should, however, be noted that many of its initiatives have met with abject failure and that its institutions could sometimes be reformed, as it appears, regularly dominated by some of its members, hindering its ability to act effectively.
Since its introduction in 1945, the UN seems to have profoundly contributed to establishing a new world, upset the balance of power marked by the emancipation of many formerly colonized countries and the transition from a bipolar world to a multi-polar world.