- Political history of state institutions in middle east
- Political culture in middle east
- External influence on middle east
Authoritarianism is a form of government in which concentrated and highly concentrated in a small group of politicians. A political condition of authoritarianism exists when those in power leave little or no freedom of choice to those over whom they govern, either because they believe that the governed have no such right to free choice or because they assume that they know best what is good for the people (Vatikiotis, P. J.1984). In the Democracy index, authoritarian regimes score between 0 and 3.9. In Middle East such regimes include Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar and Oman according to the democracy index of 2011. Middle East is predominantly a Muslim society.
The beliefs, norms, and attitudes of Islam, the experiences, triumphs, an vicissitudes that Islam have encountered over the centuries combined to bring about a society of distinctive character, with its own unmistakable patina (Kedourie, 1992) . Over years, middle East has not had democratic governments. The persistence of the authoritarian rule in middle east can be explained by the authoritarian political history of middle east, bad political culture, economic issues, political cleavages and external influence among other factors. An examination into these factors shows clearly how they contribute to authoritarianism in middle east.
[...] Authoritarianism is a form of government Works cited Fish, M. S. Islam and Authoritarianism. World Politics 55 (October): Huntington, Samuel P. The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press Kedourie, E. Politics in the Middle East. Oxford, Oxford University Press Kedourie, E. Democracy and Arab Political Culture. Washington: Washington Institute for Near East Policy Lewis, Bernard. Islam and the West. New York: Oxford University Press Nazib A. Political Islam: Religion and politics in the Arab World. [...]