The dangers of using mobile phones while driving
This presentation will discuss the risks surrounding the use of mobile phones and other similar technological devices while driving. The main focus of the presentation will be to explain and discuss the measures and practices that can be implemented to reduce and minimize the risks generated by the use of cell phones with one on the road. In other words, what can be done to actually take our hands ?Off the Phone?, so we can keep our eyes ?On the Road?.
To examine these issues, we will first discuss the dangers of cell phone usage while driving, taking into account the notion of multitasking. The emphasis will be on highlighting how multitasking affects task performance, in order to argue that first let us look at how the use of cellular phone affects negatively driving performance. For this reason, I will argue in favor of the banning of all cell phone usage while driving, as this will lead to a decrease in driving accidents, injuries, and casualties. Firstly, distracted driving is the number one killer of American teens. Alcohol-related accidents among teens have dropped, but teenage traffic fatalities have remained unchanged because distracted driving is on the rise. (2007, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and State Farm Insurance Study and NHTSA Study). Cell phone usage and texting account for a large amount of these casualties.
[...] Executive control of cognitive processes in task switching. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 27(4), 763-797. State Cell Phone Use and Texting While Driving Laws. (n.d.). Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA). Retrieved May 17, 2012, from http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/laws/cellphone_laws.html Statistics: Don't Drive and Text Organization. (n.d.). Don't Drive and Text. Retrieved May 17, 2012, from http://dontdriveandtext.org/statistics Texting and Driving Prevention.. (n.d.). Texting and Driving Prevention.. Retrieved May 17, 2012, from http://www.stoptextsstopwrecks.org/#facts Wood, E. et al. (2012). Examining the impact of off-task multi-tasking with technology on real-time classroom learning. [...]
[...] The ban of all mobile phones and similar devices is necessary. As seen throughout this presentation, hands-free devices do not ensure that th multitasking risks are completely minimized or eliminated, as a significant degree of distraction is still present in drivers that use this kinds of devices. Texting and cell phone usage while driving has already been banned in a number of states.[xvi] In order to ensure the safety of drivers everywhere, texting while driving or talking on a cell phone while driving should be more strictly enforced with harsher monetary and criminal penalties. [...]