A Comparison of Federal Dynamics in Belgium and Canada
- Progressive liberalization and planned trade (GATT 1947)
- 'The most favored nation' clause
- National Treatment
- Condemnation of quantitative restrictions on trade
- Towards an increasing institutionalization (the Marrakesh Accords, 1994)
- Regulatory role of the DSB
- Clarifications to existing agreements
- New areas within the scope of the regulation of the WTO
- Social and environmental concerns
To evaluate the dynamics of federal Belgium and Canada, we chose to do an analysis highlighting the differences and similarities of these two federal states. In this study, we basically start from the book 'Federalism in Belgium and Canada', written by Fournier and Reuchamps. The first noticeable feature is that these two states are federations, but their federalism differs greatly both in its dynamic structure and in the manner of functioning. That is why we found it relevant to highlight the similarities and differences between these two federal states to try to understand the huge difference in dynamics.
Regarding the differences, let us speak first of the age difference and historical context that both countries have experienced. Canada is characterized by its former federalism which dates from 1867. The Act of British North America brought together four political regimes that have directly opted for a federation to protect linguistic, cultural and religious diversity.
The reasons for this federal structure are economic, commercial,political and military. The founders wanted a strong central state which led to a centralization of power dynamics in which the provinces discharged their skills to benefit the central government. The residual powers belong to the federal authority Belgium on the other hand, is characterized by a relatively late introduction to the federal model.
Tags: Dynamics of federal Belgium and Canada, The Act of British North America, Review of 'Federalism in Belgium and Canada'