Birth of the modern State in Western Europe
- On the division of powers
- The allocation of powers by States
- The exclusive competence of the Community
- Collaboration between the EU and member states
- Skills linking the EU and EU Member States
- A more active role for national parliaments
"The United States of Europe will crown the old world as the United States of America and the new crown." This statement is taken form Acts and lyrics. When Victor Hugo wrote these lines, he turned to the future. We must understand the kind of Europe and how he had to go through a lengthy and complex process, which took its origin in the Greek cities. Indeed, it was long considered the framework within which policy could develop. However, the city experienced a marked increase in its population, particularly due to the multiple territorial conquests, as well as improved living conditions. Thus, it began expanding and transforming gradually and assumed the shape that it concedes today: that of a state. The term itself originated in Europe in the thirteenth century, meaning that it has today will be two centuries later, however well meaning too vague. Constitutional law defines physical state in a quite simple manner. It is a population in a geographically defined area and provided with an authority that can enact and enforce standards on the same territory. It follows from this meaning that it is an intellectual challenge aimed at deepening the concept of state, from the analysis of some key areas. In Chapter II of his book "Political Sociology", Jacques Lagroye focuses on the history of state formation in Western Europe. He shows in his work of the obstacle and gives a vague description of the state and emphasizes the need to overcome in order to compare it to other organizations of the modern era, and to prove that it is taxed progressively. In doing so, he exposed the characteristics shared by different countries which are developing in the modern state forms. We will describe the most relevant elements according to Jacques Lagroye and demonstrate how it manages to generate multiple forms of organization that grants the state homogeneity by enabling it to establish a state model of reference. We show that the evolution of various European areas lead to a state organization (I) and list the characteristics of the state to develop a global definition as a reference (II).