Can there be a democracy outside the West?
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At a time when the U.S. led action in Iraq is trying to promote democracy by force to launch a general process of democratization, the Middle East questions this means to build a society. Democratization is thus a specific and burning question. It is therefore necessary to understand to what extent and a cultural and diffusion approach poses a problem, before considering the best ways to enable the growth of democracy.
The First World War has dedicated the victory of democracy and led to the democratization of a major twentieth century. Many democracies have flourished in Asia, South Asia-East, Eastern Europe and South America since the 1980s but others have collapsed and this should launch a debate on the conditions necessary to establish a sustainable liberal order. Western democracy is constantly invoked as the cure for all ills. But one may be tempted to doubt its abilities when the situation in the Middle East for example, is considered.
According to Jean-Louis Quermonne, democracy is based, on five criteria that are the choice of leaders through free elections, membership of a majority government, respect for the opposition, and respect for the constitution by the government public and the application and respect for the rule of law. Looking at the political face of the world today, it is clear that this model of democracy is really present, with few exceptions, in the West. Many states are reluctant to democracy despite the pressures both domestic and international. Thus, is it possible for any of the countries out of the West to have a democracy ?
The West is now seeking to spread the liberal democratic model in the world through peaceful or aggressive means. But sometimes it forgets the cultural realities of the countries that it wants to democratize and the point to argue, at the lower block in the process of democratization, the country's culture is the cause.
Tags: Democracy; US promotion of democracy; possibility of democracy in Middle East; countries reluctant for democracy;