Can we speak of a unique African diaspora?
- The American racial discriminations : African Americans and African immigrants
- A powerful racial consciousness - Being A black minority
- The way African Americans are perceived in American society
"It is a particular sensation, this double consciousness, this sense of always looking at one's self through the eyes of others?. W.E.B. Du Bois writes here about the "double consciousness? of African Americans. He argued that Blacks are gifted with a "third eye? that allows them to gauge the white and the black while seeking to transcend this duality by creating a "better and truer self?. This duality, that is the sense of "twoness?, is even more acute for African exiles today because they have fewer social and cultural ties to the West than African Americans. Inevitably, the term "exiles? makes us think about Diaspora. It is almost impossible to define an African Diaspora. The three core elements to define a diaspora are the (traumatic) dispersion, the homeland orientation and the boundary maintenance in the host state. In terms of the formation of the African Diaspora, distinct processes have operated in different phases. The crystallization of a diasporic identity among Africans began very early.