De Gaulle: a vision of European integration
- Theoretical Framework
- The United States in decline?
- Challenging traditional stances
- Structural challenge: overcoming the hegemony
- The situation in China
- Tracks of thought
- Collapse of China
- Comparative Advantage
General De Gaulle has often wrongly been labeled as anti-European. Indeed, he preached a personal and quite particular vision of European construction. This paper will try to demonstrate that this is the reality of this Gaullist conception, which can be observed through the policy of De Gaulle as President of the Republic from 1958 to 1969 and we will try to demonstrate that. It is known that since 1944, in the spirit of the General, a State must be able to influence the fate of the world first. This weight he intends to give to Europe (I), particularly by restoring the world rank to France (III), without placing it under the supervision of neither the U.S. nor the USSR (II ).
De Gaulle considered the States as the only tangible historical and political reality and did not see the nations dissolve into a supranational entity. Thus he declared in 1960, during one of his many press conferences, that "we can imagine building something outside or above as the state is a chimera, a kind of fiction which the organization [political or economic] of Europe should proceed in a body other than that of the States.? By denouncing the "permanent usurpation of sovereignty." Its design is more that of a confederation, not a federation where the federated entities were abandoned in favor of a superstate their national sovereignty. The Confederate States would have to determine common and consistent policy existed between them a strong organized solidarity.
By advocating such a model, De Gaulle poses as fierce opponent to the supranational Europe. He said the condition sine qua non for a viable and strong Europe would be to leave intact the institutions of States and especially not to reduce their sovereign prerogatives. Such a construction necessarily requires an unwavering public support. Thus the notion of "extensive referendum" is very present in the speechesof General.
The defense will carry such ideas at the heart of the quarrel of the EDC (European Defence Community), he will fight on behalf of the rejection of supranationalism.
Tags: General Charles De Gaulle; vision of Europe integration; supranational Europe