Development policy in Algeria
- First phase of determining the concept of rule of law: Submission of the right institutions
- Second phase: Defining the content of the legal
As part of this work, we chose to look more closely at the case of Algeria, because we wanted to know more about this country that we tend to overlook. With this presentation, we will try to inform you about current developments in the achievement of the millennium in Algeria and this point of view of NGOs and the government. The population is living below the minimum level of caloric intake which is 2100 calories, which is below the food poverty line, with a downward trend since 1995, from 5.7% to 1 .9% in 2003.
In absolute terms, we read in the paper that the number of the poor in Algeria increased from 1.6 million in 1995 to 951,000 in 2000 to reach 605,112 people in 2003. According to CNES, extreme poverty has been partly hampered by the various alternative programs implemented by the government. Estimates by the General Commission for the planning and foresight (CGPP) indicate that the goal of decreasing extreme poverty by half between 1990 and 2015 was achieved by Algeria in 2000. The population below $1 a day fell from 1.9% in 1988 to 0.8% in 2000.
If one equates the extreme poverty line in Algeria to the flat support allowance (AFS) designed especially for people without income, it would equal in 2003 to 1000 AD/person/month or 33 AD/day. This threshold would be higher than the (threshold) international poverty line of 1 dollar, which has been converted into DA estimated at 25 AD by the CGPP. CNES report also shows that household disposable income at constant prices increased between 1990 and 2003, an annual average of about 4%.
Over the period from 1999 to 2003, it reached 9.37%. This increase in revenue is, it seems, by CNES, due to an increase of 6% in salaries and transfers of social protection mechanisms to support reforms. The improvement in revenues resulted in an increase in household consumption between 1990 and 2003 by 1.68% and 3.2% between 1999 and 2003. CNES acknowledges that the economic recovery has been supported by the consolidation of foreign reserves that reached over 32 billion dollars in 2003.
Between 1990 and 2003, monetary and financial policy, as the report said, experienced a significant change from the enactment of the law on money and credit that allowed the banking system to operate under the rules of merchantability.
As for the Algerian government, a report was prepared early in the second half of the year. Regarding this objective, the report notes the establishment in Algeria, a set of new social safety nets for specific categories of people and the most disadvantaged areas.
The document also highlights the strengthening and development of the traditional system of assistance and national solidarity and social support of the state and the various actions of national solidarity, such as school aid, housing and financial aid for humanitarian and social projects.
The food poverty line evolved from 3.6% in 1988 to 3.1% in 2000 down to 1.6% in 2004; the report also indicates that the general poverty line increased from 8.1% in 1988 to 12.1% in 2000 falling to 6.8% in 2004.
Tags: food poverty line , CNES, monetary and financial policy