Do we live in a crisis of the representative democracy?
- The reasons for the Irish "no"
- The context of the referendum
- The reasons for the rejection
- The ways out of the crisis
- How did the crisis happen?
- What to do now?
Since the 1970s, there has been an unparalleled spread of democracy around the world: while there were 25% of democratic states in 1975, 46% of the world's states, 89 out of 193 countries, are now considered fully democratic. However, this last decade has seen something like a notorious decline of democracy in the world: one is witnessing an almost universal challenge of a political system that is universally recognized nationally and internationally.
The foundations of the "crisis" of democracy can be responsible for its reconstruction, or the current troubles do not signify the end of a system overwhelmed by its own expansion. In sum, democracy now is already ruined, or can it not rise from its recent fall? Thus, it is necessary here to show what the criticism of democracy in France and around the world is and to explore what might be the use of a system that may seem outdated.
The crisis of democracy is perceived by one and all: its manifestations are different But what kind of crisis of democracy is it particularly affected? To answer this question about the root causes of the current crisis of democracy, it seems appropriate here to refer to Gauchet theoretician, an expert on the subject. This first part will be devoted to this theory, so, eventually, to study the manifestations of this crisis.
Democracy was formed through a process of autonomy, which is to say in a society empowerment of individuals in relation to an ancient form of political system, like the monarchy. During the eighteenth century, the autonomy of the company has coupled a liberal dimension: the dynamics is found to be in society, which then leads to representative government.
The growth of democracy in the nineteenth century transforms not only the expression of the will of the people, but also that of each individual, with many resources used for the protection of personal freedoms and individual representation of each individual.
Tags: crisis of a democracy; challenge of a political system; criticism of democracy; root causes of the current crisis;