Dictatorship and democracy- an essay
- Introduction - Jasmine revolution
- Ben Ali in Tunisian government
- High levels of repression in Tunisia
In December 2010 began what is called "Jasmine Revolution" in Tunisia. The term 'Jasmine' is much criticized in the press and is not unanimous: in fact, the term "Jasmine" was used when Ben Ali took power and the term evokes sweetness, this contrasts with the destruction and pillage the country has witnessed. Thus, many Tunisians prefer to speak of the Tunisian revolution rather than the Jasmine revolution. This revolution lasted four weeks and came to and end in January 2011 with the fall of Tunisian President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, who had been in power for 23 years, since 1987. This revolution, considered non-violent, put an end to the dictatorship of Tunisia that Ben Ali had established. For four weeks, ongoing demonstrations took place, they extended throughout the country despite the repression, and these demonstrations were amplified by a general strike, leading to the flight of Ben Ali to Saudi Arabia on January 14, 2011 . So we are dealing with a country in transition from a dictatorship to a democracy, a hope that Tunisians and the international community in general have nurtured for long. We will look at the dictator Ben Ali, his party, and the repression in the country. We will try to analyze the social, economic and repressive features of this dictatorship. Finally, we will look at this transition, the new elections, the new political parties and the the new challenges facing Tunisia.
First of all, it is important to remember how Ben Ali came to power in Tunisia in May 1987; Ben Ali became interior minister and then he became Prime Minister. The same year he took the place of President Habib Bourguiba, who was old and sick, with a medical report and based on an article of the Constitution. Ben Ali took over the leading Destourian Socialist Party, then strengthened the cohesion of it and turned it into the Constitutional Democratic Rally. This political party was the hegemonic party throughout the period during which Ben Ali was in power.
[...] As under Bourguiba, President Ben Ali is the subject of a cult of personality that produces an image with ubiquitous portraits displayed in offices, shops, and a symbolic number 7 and the purple chair for example. In addition, Ben Ali has this stance paternalistic guide that supports the education of his people "child" as a classic in the Arab world. In the business of education, police, administration and the presidential party are the main actors in this framework. In this new section we'll look at the level of repression suffered by the Tunisian population, but also the level of loyalty that has allowed Ben Ali to stay so long in power. [...]
[...] For several months Ennahda is trying to reassure foreign and laymen investors worried about the emergence of an Islamist government in one of the most liberal countries in the Arab world. The rights of women and all those who have no religious affiliation will be protected in Tunisia, said Islamist leader Rached Ghannouchi after confirmation of the victory of his party. Several parties were able to participate in the Tunisian elections: only parties supporting Ben Ali and being pro-government, were excluded from the elections. [...]
[...] Moreover, a tinpot is characterized by a short life, and Ben Ali had the power for 23 years. Timocracy is a ?regime where the repression is low but the dictator stays in office because his people are loving him?. Tunisia is not a timocracy, because the repression is really high and after the revolution in January, we can realize that a lot of Tunisian people didn't love Ben Ali. Then a totalitarian regime is characterized by Hannah Arendt with these words : a system which aspires to total domination, the permanent domination of each single individual in each and every sphere of life, and with atomization of human relationship, destruction of classes, interest groups. [...]