American foreign politics since September 11, 2001
On September 11, 2001, America became the victim of unprecedented terrorist attacks, which devastated the World Trade Center, the Pentagon and Pennsylvania; it was carried out by Osama Bin Laden and his organization the Al-Qaida. These attacks gave it a geopolitical dimension and opened a new period in the history of international relations. Bush arrived at the helm of the White House on January 20, 2001, and stressed on the questions of foreign politics in his isolationist electoral program. Up to what point will the awakening which took place after these attacks lead Washington to redefine its orientations regarding foreign politics? In this paper one will see the installation of this new policy in the first part, which leads to an active re-enlisting of America in the world, and finally draw an assessment from it.
September 11 highlights that the United States and its people were no longer safe on their own territory, and that they were no longer an inviolable sanctuary. Since the English countryside of 1812, no act of foreign war had been committed there. Since the end of the Vietnam War (and fall USSR), no one seemed to threaten the United States and after September 11, the United States found a new enemy, clearly identified, and deadly global: terrorism. It is this war against terrorism and Islamic radicalism that makes the rule in American foreign policy, to become the top priority and the core definition of it. This war will be in the same moral framework that the crusades of the past against Nazism and communism.
Other enemies are highlighted. A few days after Sept. 11, Bush called seven countries rogue states and accused them of supporting international terrorism, including those who brought on the fear by providing weapons of mass destruction: Iran, Iraq, Syria, Libya , Sudan, Cuba and North Korea.
In a speech in January 2002, Bush spoke for the first time about the Axis of Evil, where he integrates three countries: Iran, North Korea and Iraq.He said these countries threaten peace in the world, representing a serious and growing worry.
So this new geopolitical situation is where, according to Bush the biggest threat now comes from with the conjunction of terrorism and weapons of mass destruction and this is the cause of the change in foreign policy.
Tags: Washington; redefinition of foreign policy; installation of this new policy; post Septmeber 11; international terrorism; weapons of mass destruction