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Analysis of the Treaty of Maastricht and the treaty of Lisbon

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  1. Les aspects de la puissance européenne. Une puissance essentiellement économique
    1. Des outils productifs performants
    2. Une puissance commerciale
    3. Une puissance financière réelle
    4. Un rayonnement mondial
  2. La politique européenne : un signe de faiblesse
    1. Le tournant de 1989
    2. Les déceptions de la PESC
    3. La constitution européenne : signe de malaise
    4. L'affirmation d'un 'soft power '?

If the first acts in favor of the European construction fully carried out the economic objectives, one needed decades to set up the first steps of political Europe that would be faithful to the ambitions of the founding fathers.

This progressive construction is a sedimentation where each treaty brings its share of democratization to this original political object by handling a strategy of co-operation and integration. The collapse of the Berlin Wall and the implosion of the USSR were at the origin of the revival of the processes of the European construction in the 1980s strengthened by the Single act in 1986. The treaty of Maastricht came into effect in 1992, which posted great ambitions such as to create the European Union for ?an unceasingly narrower union for the people of Europe'. These ambitions will be unceasingly continued by a historical process, of improvement of the Treaty of Maastricht initially with the treaties of Amsterdam and Nice and then of the continuation of European construction with the constitution project for Europe and the treaty of Lisbon.

By reading and analyzing texts one can understand the long and complex process of construction of widened Europe. It is coherent because these are the texts which made the European Union as one knows it. How did the Treaty of Maastricht take part in the process of construction of political Europe? Does the failure of a Constitution for Europe answer the treaty of Lisbon to the continuation of the European construction?

The Maastricht Treaty is the first step towards building a political Europe. The desire is to conduct and pursue a common policy and not just cooperation through the establishment of a European citizen and the development of political and social aspects. These aspects will be refined by the treaties of Amsterdam and Nice until the need for an institutional overhaul is needed. To go further in the union between the countries, a draft constitution raises hopes but it ultimately will result in failure. To find a compromise, the Lisbon Treaty was created, which leaves the sensitive points of the Constitution to establish a true European political and economic purpose beyond the original.

The passage of the Single Act to the Maastricht Treaty of February 7, 1992 is due to elements within and outside the European Union. The end of communism in Eastern Europe and the reunification of Germany led the member states to want to strengthen their position in the international arena. They also wanted to continue the effort through the Single Act in pursuing reforms. The Maastricht Treaty is therefore clear in its will.

Tags: Treaty of Maastricht; construction of political Europe; The Lisbon Treaty; analysis;

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