Can one still speak about the two-party system in the United Kingdom?
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For more than 160 years, British life has rested on the two-party system. During the 19th century, the two-party system of conservative-liberals, and the conservatives - members of the Labor Party since the post-war period, governed the parliamentary system. The two-party system, a characteristic of the British mode, indicates the situation where only two parties obtain the absolute majority, allowing them to follow the head of the government. This system is explained by several factors, in particular, by the way of voting which seems most significant. In this document, the handing-over and a dispute of the two-party system is questioned. This question will then be studied and analyzed, by observing the two-party system from 1945 to 1970 and then deal with the handing-over in the question of this model.
This duopoly is hegemonic as the combined results of the Labour and Conservative leave very little room for further training: in fact, from 1945 to 1970, studied eight elections, the two parties account for92.25% of the vote. It is also stable: the electoral system plurality in a round "the First-Past-the-Post" ensures that the winning party a clear majority of seats. This voting is a central element that explains the two-party system in the UK. Indeed, for 91.25% of the vote, both parties receive 97.88% of the seats. Thus, this voting system allows using a relatively clear majority of seats to provide support to the government and is backed by the House.
The duopoly is stable, with relatively large periods of continuities that enable government to put policies in place over time, while knowingthe alternation between the two parties: six years in office for Labour(1945-1951 ) and 13 years for the Conservatives (1951-1964) and finally six years in power again for Labour (1964-1970). Finally, one can speak of a balanced duopoly since the Labour and Conservative governed respectively for 12 years and 13 years between 1945 and 1970.
The balance is also reflected in the votes: the gap between Labour and the Conservatives never exceeds 8% of the vote, the scores of the two parties are greater than 40% of the votes cast (except in 1945 when the Conservatives get 39, 8%) and the average over the period was 46% of the vote for Labour and 45.3% for the Conservatives. Another feature of this duopoly is in the national character of the Conservatives and Labour. Both parties have a location, popularity and performance over the entire territory which allows to highlight the national character.
Tags: Two party system; Unites Kingdom; Labor and Conservative parties;