Can Russia preserve its Soviet heritage?
The sudden collapse of the Soviet Union was a spectacular incident in the world history. It put an end to a half-century of bipolarization and balance of terror in circumstances that no one had openly envisaged. It also made it possible to open, initially in Europe and then in the world, a new era of balance, which was always in formation and appeared very different from being purely ideological which had prevailed until that time. This was the case in Europe. With a revival of construction, and its widening in the Eastern block, Russia did not place itself in the logic of integration or in an uncomfortable position. In fact, Russia, which was left very weakened because of the collapse of Communism, that sought to recover a place in the world political scenario.
The Soviet Union of Leonid Brezhnev was perhaps the heyday of the Soviet empire. From 1964 to 1982, the Soviet Union, was a superpower, on par or equivalent with the United States of America. The interpretative framework that exists for all the political problems in the world is a bipolar grid. The power of the USSR was based less on economic performance and more on a balance of terror that culminated in a nuclear weapon. Since the beginning of the Cold War, the Soviet camp was equipped with the instruments for cohesion policy (Cominform), economic (COMECON) and military(Warsaw Pact). The doctrine of "Brezhnev" justifying military intervention in case of violation of socialist solidarity binds the building. The radiation was maximum in the USSR: the European ice was no longer contested since the interventions in East Berlin in 1953, Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968. The Korean conflict was frozen since 1953. The Soviet Union attempted to export the revolution as it could onto other continents that were under the Americas (Cuba, Nicaragua, Grenada), Africa (Mozambique, Angola) and even in Asia.
Tags: USSR- collapse of a superpower; Russia; preservation of its heritage;