Concept of Apartheid
Today, the term Apartheid is somewhat overused; one does not stop from using it to indicate any kind of conflict that is opposing a community or where the oppression is denounced by the other. However it is advisable not to point out that hidden behind the word Apartheid is a generic term that is politically and socially specific to the country of South Africa for nearly 50 years. The term Apartheid means ?separation? in African, and in fact it is separation between the ?races? that the policy of Apartheid brings. It aims to cater to the wishes of the majority of the population of Africa and tries to establish a complete separation between the various ethnic communities of the country. It attempts to preserve the domination of the ?Whites?, from that of the Afrikaans or Anglophone ?communities?. The policy of Apartheid and its ideology are part of the history of the African community and vision of the world that was forged throughout its history. In particular, the perpetual feeling of threat for the ?survival? of the Africans comes from the English colonies.
The African communities are descendants of early Dutch settlers who founded the Cape Colony in the early seventeenth century and they are dominated by a very particular worldview, forged on several simple principles that are the seeds of the African identity:
? A devout Calvinism
? A deep-republicanism, as opposed to English sovereignty
? The feeling of being "a chosen people of God"
? The idea of having to build "heaven on earth"
? A "Mythology" and a historiography based on the notion of incompatibility, inequality between whites and blacks.
? The feeling of being a people "African" rather than "European".
? The dominance of "white" on "black"
? The hostility to the English
One cannot separate the concept of apartheid, as it was set up after the success of the nationalist movement in 1948, its historical foundations date back much further. They are based on a series of tests that African people have endured but they have always triumphed with God's help.
Even the arrival of Dutch in South Africa and their first clashes are tributes to the indigenous African "Hottentot". The arrival of the English and the historical period of the "Great Trek" against the Zulus, the two "Boer Wars" (1880-1881, 1899-1902), and the final control for the conquest of power against the English that ended with total victory of the Africans in 1948 are also considered as tributes.
In fact the implementation of the policy of apartheid is the result of scientific practice of the foundations of the African identity. Since the 1920's the Nasionale Party, led by Hertzog and Malan, called a deep racial segregation and removal of Indian immigrants in their homeland.
In developing the theory of apartheid, which was created at the University of Stellenbosch in the early 1930s, the profound influence the Nazi theories in 1930 and 1940 had on racial inequality and anti-Semitism in South Africa must also be included. Future prime ministers of South Africa's Apartheid, Verwoerd (1958-1966) and Vorster (1966-1978) were noticed during this period. The first by his anti-Semitic claims and the second by his activism in pro-Nazi movements, even to blowing up trains in the South African army that fought Germany during World War II.