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Communist parties in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989

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"Down with communism! Down with communism! Better to be that hooligan thug dictator is better to be an activist. Better be dead than communist." These statements were presented to the University Square in Bucharest in spring 1990. The return to democracy in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe is parallel to the expression of a visceral anti-communism.

The communist parties were disowned and appeared negated in the euphoria and even the explosion of democracy. However, their heirs appeared a few years after 1989 and thus experienced a democratic rehabilitation. It is therefore interesting to study the link between democratic transition and communist parties. This paper will study the explosion in 1989 that appeared to destroy the democratic heirs, before showing that it is the rebirth of the PC (through their heirs) to legitimize the democratic transition.

Before the PC had a leadership which can be summarized in section 6 of the Soviet Constitution of 1977: "The CPSU is the force that directs and guides the Soviet society is the core of its political system, organizations State and social organizations.?The constitutions of all the socialist states have a similar formula. In practice, this leadership is reflected in the merger of the three powers, sometimes confusion between the party leader and State, the appointment of officials from the top, fully controlled elections, etc This leadership was then abolished in the new Constitutions. So in October 1989 in Hungary, in December 1989 in Poland, in January 1990 in Bulgaria, they claimed the guarantee of the rule of law.

Tags: democratic transition; Communist parties in Central and Eastern Europe; anti-communism; democratic rehabilitation;

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