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A study of the beginnings and effects of country clubs in American society

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Sean E.
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  1. Introduction.
  2. Origin of country clubs.
  3. Expansion of clubs in ideas and location.
    1. Evolution of city clubs into elaborate institutions.
    2. Discrimination and a sense of social hierarchy.
    3. The early twentieth century.
    4. The male city club.
    5. The very first clubs in the country.
    6. One of the very first country clubs.
  4. Conclusion.

In today's current society, there is an aspect of social life that is experienced by a portion of those in America's middle and upper classes. This aspect is the country club, which is major part of some American's lives. In present times, such institutions are viewed as places where people are able to socialize and participate in a variety of activities, mainly centering on specific sports. The most common beginnings for such clubs come from either golf or tennis, and currently many clubs have evolved into larger recreation areas, including activities such as swimming, basketball and various forms of exercise equipment. Because a substantial portion of the American population belongs to such clubs, it is clear that they can have a direct effect upon these peoples' lives. The early forms of such clubs originated in the early 1800's, creating a way for the upper class to separate and distance themselves from the rest of the American population. From there they have developed in a variety of ways, ever being able accurately represent the current situation in America.

[...] John Murray Forbes, a prominent Bostonian, said: fact is that club men who live by wine, cards, tobacco and billiards for their cheap stimulants are apt to think themselves aristocratic and gentlemen-like and they look up to the slave owners with respect, as being more permanently idle than themselves.?[7] Discrimination and a sense of social hierarchy also existed between various city clubs in close proximity. Although it was a long and hard process to join many clubs, they still competed with one another for membership. [...]


[...] The Union Club in New York City utilized the ?Italian Renaissance Revival But some American clubs followed the broader influence of British Georgian architecture?[4]. No matter the exterior look of the club, every one promoted some sense of ?high social status?[5]. Members felt they were the epitome of societal standards, and the club was where they could show it. Although it would remain some time before sports became the central them behind the clubs, they had incorporated many new aspects into the ?club life?. [...]


[...] Clubs were often created by a single man or group of men that quite possibly had little to no experience when it came to managing the administrational and financial aspects of a full-scale country club. An overwhelming need for appointed management spread throughout all clubs I After taking on the various origins of American country clubs (both urban and rural), Mayo moves toward the development of clubs, which accounts for the majority of the text. Within development, topics ranging from estates to the postwar era of country clubs are discussed. [...]

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