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Critically evaluating the ASPIRE model of social work

  1. Introduction.
  2. Social work as a process.
    1. Definition of assessment.
    2. The importance of assessment.
    3. Assessment as one of the 'decision making' components of the ASPIRE model.
    4. Planning: The second stage of the ASPIRE.
    5. Intervention within the ASPIRE model.
    6. The process of monitoring and reviewing.
  3. Conclusion.
  4. Bibliography.

In this essay I will look at the ASPIRE model as a process within social work. I will demonstrate my understanding of the model and its stages and reflect on how values inform each stage of the process. I will look at each stage individually whilst evaluating its effectiveness as a process. I will consider how different factors may alter the effectiveness of the model and look at the extent to which the model could either enable or hinder anti-oppressive practice.Social work, as a process, functions with the aim of;

‘…working together with people to assess their needs and to negotiate, formulate and implement plans so that people can make decisions and take responsibility for their own lives.’ (Sutton 1994:7)

Tags: ASPIRE model of sociology, ASPIRE model to become a social worker, Social work assessment forms,Social service information, ASPIRE assessment model

[...] Smale and Tuson (1993:68) believe that the ‘Routine, service led ‘assessments’ are the antithesis of an empowering approach to assessment and care management.’ Assessment is viewed as one of the ‘decision making’ components of the ASPIRE model that enables planning, intervention and review, should a client be deemed eligible. This decision making process is often regarded as gate keeping, whereby, eligibility criteria allows an authority to make a decision on whether a client is eligible for services, based upon the outcome of assessment. [...]


[...] (2005) ‘Learning and Teaching in Social Work Education: Textbooks and Frameworks on Assessment’, Policy Press, Bristol Cull, L.A. and Roche, J. (2001) Law and Social Work; Contemporary Issues for Practice’, Palgrave, Hampshire Davis, M. (2002) Blackwell Companion to Social Work’, Blackwell, Oxford Horner, N. (2003) ‘What is Social Work? Context and Perspectives’, Learning Matters, Exeter Lindon, J. (2003) ‘Child Protection’, Hodder and Stoughton, London Mandelstam, M. (2003) ‘Community Care Practice and the Law’, Wiltshire County Council Milner, J. and O’Byrne, P. [...]


[...] It should address external or environmental factors that have caused the need to arise, or will hamper the resolutions of need if not addressed.’ (Department of Health 2002, cited in Horner 2003:76) Although care planning may be practically impossible without having first carried out an assessment, other aspects of planning may filter into the ASPIRE model without following the routine that the model suggests. In order to practice successfully and in an anti-oppressive manner it could be argued that careful planning is required before any assessment or review takes place. [...]

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