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An overview of the African Americans

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General public
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modern history
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California...

About the document

Allison M.
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documents in English
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term papers
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5 pages
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  1. Introduction
  2. The Freedmen's bureau
  3. The Radical Republicans
  4. Conditions during the progressive era
  5. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: NAACP
  6. Impact of the conditions after the WW1
  7. Malcolm X's view
  8. Martin Luther King Jr's role
  9. The struggle for civil rights and equality
  10. Reconstruction through the Civil Rights Movement
  11. Conclusion
  12. References

The study of African Americans has been a prominent point of interest since the arrival of blacks in what was to become the United States. Since their arrival to America via the Atlantic Trade, blacks in America have been faced with incredible and often inconceivable challenges in every aspect of life, from basic human rights to civil liberties to social equalities. Throughout those years, there have been varying responses to these deliberate injustices. Notable in recent times are the varying approaches to protestation, often crystallized in reference to Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X. Each of the two forms of militant and non-violent protestation assumed by Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr., respectively, can be traced back to the mid 1860's. Therefore this paper will focus on these two forms of African American resistance to white supremacy during this time. In doing so, this paper will illustrate that while the struggle for equality was an unintentionally collaborative effort between the two forms of protests; the non-violent approach was ultimately the most effective.

[...] As a result of these efforts, light was shown on the dark facts of the existence of such drastic inequalities, and Americans were forced to reckon with the reality of racial injustice and inequality in the United States. The nonviolent and militant approaches both increased public interest and awareness, but it was the nonviolent approach which proved to be more effective in achieving the desired goal. While black nationalists created a sense of protection and empowerment, they did not achieve their ultimate goals. [...]


[...] Finkenbine ( NY: Pearson Education, Inc [viii] Finkenbine, Sources of the African American Past Ibid Ibid Elliott M Rudwick, National Negro Committee Conference of the Phylon Quarterly 18, no (1957) http://www.jstor.org/stable/273282 [xii] Gilbert Ware, ?Lobbying as a Means of Protest: The NAACP as an Agent of Equality,? The Journal of Negro Education 33, no (1964) http://www.jstor.org/stable/2294575 [xiii] Ware, ?Lobbying as a Means of Protest.? [xiv] Ibid [xv]Finkenbine, Sources of the African American Past. [xvi] Ibid [xvii] Ibid [xviii] Harris, Jessica Christina, ?Revolutionary Black Nationalism: The Black Panther Party.? The Journal of Negro History no (2000) http://summit.csuci.edu:2080/action/showBasicSearch?cookieSet=1 [xix] Finkenbine, Sources of the African American Past Harris, ?Revolutionary Black Nationalism.? Notes 1. [...]


[...] Finkenbine, Sources of the African American Past Second Edition, 2nd ed. Roy E. Finkenbine ( NY: Pearson Education, Inc., 2004) 8. Finkenbine, Sources of the African American Past Ibid 10. Ibid 11. Elliott M Rudwick, National Negro Committee Conference of The Phylon Quarterly 18, no (1957) http://www.jstor.org/stable/ Gilbert Ware, ?Lobbying as a Means of Protest: The NAACP as an Agent of Equality,? The Journal of Negro Education 33, no (1964) http://www.jstor.org/stable/ Ware, ?Lobbying as a Means of Protest.? 14. Ibid 15. [...]

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