Anti-personnel mines and their ill effects
According to international law, an anti-personnel mine (MAP) is ?a mine designed to explode because of presence, of the proximity or the contact of a person and intended to put out of combat, to wound or kill one or more people?.
Their indiscriminate and prolonged impact makes the MAP the terrifying weapons of ?massive destruction to delayed-action?. Since 2001, one estimates that there are between 15,000 and 20,000 victims of the MAP per annum.
For a few decades, these conventional weapons have over flown their framework of traditional use to be employed on a large scale and by non-institutional players in the internal conflicts. Their proliferation is easier as the MAPs are light, inexpensive and in general, easy-to-manufacture weapons.
They still exist in about 60 to 110 million mines worldwide. At the beginning of 1990, the sensitivity of the international opinion to the problem arising from the MAP and the launch of a prohibition process of these mines led to the formation of the treaty of Ottawa of 1997.
Tags: anti-personnel mine (MAP), Treaty of Ottawa of 1997, prohibition of MAP, ill effects of anti-personnel mines