Do European heroes exist?
?A young girl promised with a beautiful destiny, and who knows not yet whether to resist or surrender'. Françoise Letoublon stated this by wondering if the painting of Titian's ?Rape of Europe' is not the symbol of our uncertain times. A Europe that exists today, no longer knows where to stop and how to define. It is faced with a blurred identity, and an evolving policy that arouses interest and questions. By searching to find its horizons, what is more beautiful than a myth is that its name is given to the entity we are building today.
A myth is rooted in the fundamental importance and the structural role of the imagination, representation and transmission through the ages, and a heroine proclaims the importance of individual destinies in the service of history. The use of myth in ancient Europe, from the Renaissance until the twentieth century for political and even propaganda purposes used to justify by defending the continent against the ?barbarians' of Asia, or represented Europe's carrying a bull on its back to the ranks of General De Gaulle. It highlights the strong link between the representations, and the characters with a strong political symbol.
It is this relationship that we wish to study through the prism of its heroes. In questioning the hero, it is necessary to pay attention to moral judgments that can be attached thereto, in connection with a historical context and a political project. The value given to people depends on the historical, political and social backgrounds. In addition, the search for great men is often related to a political end, and the community is grateful to it through the values and images that are in line with its objectives.
The various issues intrinsically linked to these figures will be studied later so that it takes some precautions to distinguish ?the illustrious scoundrels' of men and women who actually gave their time to those of the abbot of St. Peter. As mentioned in the Encyclopedia of 1777, the ?speculative geniuses' are the ?perfect knowledgeable most important to human happiness' or ?genius practitioners' that attach to the happiness of a concrete project. We therefore seek, through this document, to consider these notions of heroes, their interaction, and their resonance in the process of unifying Europe.
The hero is a figure that comes from ancient Greece; it was the departure of military leaders and / or demigods. The characters could meet the two criteria, of divine origin and they became famous for their military exploits, such as Achilles. So they stood out from the rest of the men and were admired. Rome took this concept by extending it to other civic virtues in a heroic when the individual was of higher value compared to other men. The political civilization changed and so did the vision of the hero. But the hero this time was not without divine criteria, as evidenced by the deification of the emperor Augustus, with respect to the military conqueror and political leader.
Tags: General De Gaulle, the illustrious scoundrels, Achilles