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Efficacy of treatment approaches in out-patient therapy

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Mickey D.
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  1. Abstract
  2. Efficacy of Treatment Approaches in Out-Patient Therapy
  3. Cognitive Therapy
  4. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (ERBT)
  5. Conclusion

Anti-depressant medications have been considered as the best outpatient treatment for most depressive disorders, despite the fact that reviews and evidence suggesting otherwise that evidence-based psychotherapies are just as effective as pharmacotherapy when it comes to treating major depressive disorders. This study makes the case for the efficiency of CT and REBT for outpatient therapy.

It specifically shows that cognitive therapy is more effective than pharmacotherapy, for outpatient therapy, regardless of how severe a patient's depression is. It also finds that REBT is not only efficient and useful in a wide range of outpatient clinical outcomes and clinical diagnosis, but, it is also efficient for non-clinical as well as clinical therapy, for both males and females. It thus, persuades policy makers to adopt and enforce the use of evidence-based psychotherapies such as CT and REBT as primary approaches to outpatient treatment of major depressive disorder.

[...] Conclusion This study has managed to make the case for the efficiency of CT and REBT for outpatient therapy. It has specifically shown that that cognitive therapy is more effective than pharmacotherapy, for outpatient therapy, regardless of how severe a patient's depression is. Further, it has found that patients that were treated using cognitive therapy in major controlled treatment trials opined that cognitive therapy was more effective, especially with regards to relapse prevention compared to pharmacotherapy alone. With regards to REBT, this paper found that REBT is not only efficient and useful in a wide range of outpatient clinical outcomes and clinical diagnosis, but, it is also efficient for non-clinical as well as clinical therapy, for both males and females. [...]


[...] Efficacy of treatment approaches in out-patient therapy Contents I. Abstract II. Efficacy of Treatment Approaches in Out-Patient Therapy III. Cognitive Therapy IV. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (ERBT) V. Conclusion Abstract Anti-depressant medications have been considered as the best outpatient treatment for most depressive disorders, despite the fact that reviews and evidence suggesting otherwise that evidence-based psychotherapies are just as effective as pharmacotherapy when it comes to treating major depressive disorders. This study makes the case for the efficiency of CT and REBT for outpatient therapy. [...]


[...] However, it concedes that this decision may require more studies that will not only demonstrate efficacy, but also show the cost-utility and cost-effectiveness of these therapies. References Beck, J. S. (1995). Cognitive therapy: Basics and beyond. New York: Guilford. Burger, J. (2011). Personality (8th ed.). [...]


[...] Self-monitoring of pleasure and mastery, activity scheduling, as well as graded task assignments are the most used, especially early on in the therapy. They help patients expose themselves to possibly rewarding experiences, as well as overcome inertia(Beck, 1995). This therapy technique follows a session-based structure, which includes a brief check on symptoms and mood, setting the agenda, and bridging the session with the last session, discussion issues on the set agenda, and reviewing self-help assignments done by patients between sessions, setting new how assignments, getting and summarizing feedback received from the patient regarding the session(Beck, 1995). [...]


[...] According to Ellis (1997), continuous evaluation of one's life often leads to unhappiness; thus therapy needs to be approached in a way that avoids or stops patients from doing that. This according to David et al. (2008) explains why Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy is effective for outpatient therapy since it leads patient's to simple acceptance; it grants patients the courage and strength to change the things that they can, the serenity and tranquility to accept those things they cannot alter, and the wisdom and understanding to know the difference between the rational and the irrational. [...]

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