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Autoimmune disease and rheumatoid arthritis

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Amy S.
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  1. About Autoimmune diseases.
  2. Types of autoimmune diseases.
    1. Organ-specific.
    2. Non organ-specific.
  3. Symptoms.
  4. Diagnosis.
  5. Cause.
  6. Treatment.
  7. Conclusion.

An autoimmune disease occurs when the body makes antibodies against some of its normal tissues (autoantibodies). In other words, it fails to distinguish ?self? from ?non-self? cells. The immune system attacks the naturally existing body tissues by causing lymphocytes to become sensitized to the body's own tissues or causing normal body tissue to undergo changes that interfere with the immune system's ability to recognize it as a natural component of the body or the normal control process within the immune system malfunctions for unknown reasons. More women (75%) than men are affected by autoimmune diseases.

[...] lupus erythematosus (Lupus), Reiter syndrome, Hashimoto thryoiditis, Multiple Sclerosis, Sjorgen syndrome, Addison Disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Grave's Disease. Non-specific symptoms that may indicate an autoimmune disease include: fatigue, tiring quickly, dizziness, general malaise, weight loss and low-grade fever. There are two types: Organ-specific-- conditions damage a single organ or the function of that organ Examples include: Hashimoto's thyroiditis, thryrotoxicosis and primary myxedema?targets thyroid Good Pasture syndrome?targets lungs and kidneys Addison's Disease?targets adrenal glands Pernicious anemia?targets stomach Diabetes mellitus?targets pancreas Ulcerative colitis?targets colon Non organ-specific-- disorders cause damage throughout the body Examples include: Dermatomyositis?targets muscle Lupus/ Systemic lupus erythematosus?targets connective tissue, joints, kidneys Scleroderma- targets skin Rheumatoid Arthritis- targets joints Focus on Rheumatoid Arthritis The word arthritis is derived from the Greek word arthron meaning joint and the suffix itis meaning inflammation. [...]


[...] Women are more likely to have an autoimmune disease than men. More research is being done to improve treatment and alleviate the aspects of these numerous disorders that affect one's life. SOURCES: American Medical Association Complete Medical Encyclopedia, Leikin, Jerrold B. MD and Lipsky, Martin S. MD., pg. 211- The Autoimmune Connection, Baron-Faust, Rita and Buyon, Jill, MD The Merck Manual of Medical Information Encyclopedia of Women's Health Issues, Gay Kathleen, p. 30- ?Does diet have a role in the aetiology of Rheumatoid Arthritis?,? Pattison, Symmons and Young. [...]

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