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Aging and malnutrition

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biology
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University of

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Jackson D.
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documents in English
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term papers
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7 pages
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  1. Introduction
  2. Malnutrition
  3. The need for macro and micronutrients
  4. Recommendations
  5. How your diet can drive back your immune system
  6. The lymphatic system
  7. Allergies and food intolerances
  8. Inflammatory disease of the digestive tract
  9. Rheumatoid arthritis
  10. Recommendations
  11. Reference

To enable the greatest number of healthy aging and maintain good quality of life, it is important to emphasize the role of nutrition in the prevention of aging. Aging Population: The number of elderly is steadily increasing for several decades. According to the INSEE predictions for 2008, there would be in France 13 505 947 persons aged 64 years and older, this figure has doubled since 1950 for this population group. The largest increase is for the age group of 75-84 years. The increase in longevity has huge implications in particular pensions and health care. Also this group of individuals are subject to the risk of malnutrition, especially individuals hospitalized or living in institutions.

[...] They are so responsible, just as in a classical immune response, recognition and removal of foreign bodies penetrating the body. This system is so powerful that it makes difficult organ transplants. It is now well established that the immune competence, the ability possessed by the body to generate a normal immune response by producing either an antibody-mediated cellular immunity, and risk of disease depends on an adequate intake of nutrients. The cell-mediated immunity refers to the part of the immune system that involves T cells the humoral immunity in turn, includes any immune response involving B cells. [...]


[...] Diseases or conditions related to malnutrition are loss of strength and energy levels, weight loss and muscle mass, lower moral and apathy, poor skin condition and osteoporosis. The person becomes more susceptible to fractures, cardiovascular diseases, nervous system impairments which probably increases the risk of cognitive and mental disorders, and decreased immune function leading to increased susceptibility to catching infections, a delayed healing and therefore an extension of hospital admissions. The elderly: a population at risk The presence of disease and physiological changes related to age is that these individuals are more at risk of malnutrition than any other population group. [...]


[...] The content of this vitamin decreases during transport, storage and cooking of fruit and vegetables. Drinking enough water (not exceeding 2 liters per day) also helps eliminate toxins. The spicy dishes, rich in protein (chicken, fish or egg whites) and essential fatty acids (fatty fish, walnuts, flaxseed, etc) are also recommended. Research has shown that regular consumption of fermented dairy products containing so-called probiotics could improve the immune system and reduce the risk of allergies. Probiotics are defined as "live microorganisms which when ingested in adequate quantities have positive effects on health" (Ezendam and van Loveren, 2006). [...]

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