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Combustion is a chemical reaction that uses a fuel and an oxidizer (the first is a body gear, the second oxidant). It generally provides heat energy and emits light. The development of industrial society and safeguarding the environment are based on the control of this reaction. The first "combustione" were men of prehistory. The fire gave to those who knew its secrets, the status of a master sorcerer. The importance of fire-worship in some cultures or the existence of myths such as Prometheus, indicate a fascination that the flames have always exercised over men. It was not until the late eighteenth century that a serious study of phenomena used in combustion developed. It is by focusing on this, and on the almost simultaneous discovery of oxygen by the Swede Carl Wilhelm Scheele and Joseph Priestley between 1783 and 1784, that the British, and the French Antoine Laurent Lavoisier wrote the first real reaction balance and founded modern chemistry.