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Use of Air Combat in World War

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  1. Introduction
  2. The war in the Air in both World Wars had the same main aim: to destroy the morale of the civilian population. How far do the sources support this interpretation of the War in the air in the two World Wars?
  3. Use of Air Combat in World War
  4. Conclusion

1914 is the year that the first air raid was conducted and it was done by the Germans. Throughout 1915 and 1916 a dirigible from Germany that was called the Zeppelin conducted raids in London and eastern England for more than 50 instances. In evaluations of the zeppelin bomber, it was seen to have an accuracy of ten percent and thus the intended target was not hit often. This evaluation refutes claim that the aim of the World War I was to kill the morale of the civilians. This is because the targets of the Zeppelin by the German in United Kingdom were not always hit due to the levels of accuracy that were low (Wilkinson 1997). Beatrice Webb, another eyewitness, also talks of excited men and women who were in the streets watching the zeppelin with excitement because it was not common to see the zeppelin. She says that the civilians were excited by this aircraft and thus morale was not damaged if that was the intention (Webb 1912-24).

There is contrast of these in various other sources that have evaluated the impact of World War I. Marr (2009) in his book, the making of modern Britain, talks of shock and panic that spread across Britain at a time when people were trying to get used to bombings from air. The civilians were always in fear of an attack that would sweep across the land. The raids by Germany were aimed at forcing Britain airplanes to move out of the western front so as to paralyze the industries in Britain and kill the morale of the civilian inhabitants (Kennett 1991). The raids achieved little of military value though they triggered much deaths and property harm (Raymond 1991).

[...] Use of Air Combat in World War The war in the Air in both World Wars had the same main aim: to destroy the morale of the civilian population. How far do the sources support this interpretation of the War in the air in the two World Wars? 1914 is the year that the first air raid was conducted and it was done by the Germans. Throughout 1915 and 1916 a dirigible from Germany that was called the Zeppelin conducted raids in London and eastern England for more than 50 instances. [...]


[...] ed. ed. Washington, Air Force History and Museum's Program. Kennett, L The First Air War, 1914-1918. New York: Free Press. Levine, A. J The Strategic Bombing of Germany, 1940-1945. New York : Praeger. Marr, A The making of modern Britain. s.l.:s.n. Orland, R A Plan For The City Centre. [Online] Available at: http://www.historiccoventry.co.uk/postwar/postwar.php [Accessed 17 November 2013]. Raymond H. [...]

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