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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

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Accountant-Lecturer
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finance
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California

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Ipcrow L.
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documents in English
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case study
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2 pages
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  1. Introduction
  2. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  3. The major cause
  4. The signs of the predominantly
  5. Conclusion

ADHD is known to affect about 6 to 7% of children. It is also a chronic disorder. This is because 30 to 50% of the people that are diagnosed with the disorder in childhood continue to have it, even in adulthood. Research shows that about 3-5% of adults live with this disorder. With the effects that it has on the people that it affects, it is clear that it is a disorder that is significant in the world today. ADHD is diagnosed about four times more in girls than in boys. However, the diagnosis of this disorder can easily be missed. This is because it has symptoms that are evident of other disorders. The worst part is that most of the clinicians have not yet received the formal training that is required for the treatment, as well as assessment of this disorder, especially in adults. However, the children and adults that have this disorder tend to adapt. This means that they develop some coping mechanisms. These mechanisms are able to compensate the impairments that they already have. This way, they are not disadvantaged to a large extent (Trueit 54).

The major cause of this disorder is still a subject of discussion. This is because scientists have often related it to several causes. However, the main causes that have been mentioned are genetic contributions, environmental toxins and social factors. Evidence shows that ADHD is not caused by one factor. Instead, it is caused by a combination of factors. Twin studies have been carried out by scientists, to discover the cause of this disorder. In their findings, it was clear that the disorder is highly heritable. As a matter of fact, genetics can be used to account for 75% of the causes of ADHD. Most of the ADHD causes come from the combination of many genes. These may affect the dopamine transporters. In this case, the candidate genes include SNAP25, HTRIB, DRD4, DAT1, DRD5 and 5HTT. A variant of a gene by the name of LPHN3 is said t be responsible for about 9% of all the incidents of ADHD.

[...] This remains a matter of controversy, even with the desire of medical practitioners to put an end to this menace. Works cited Hammerness, Paul Graves. ADHD. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press Print. Selikowitz, Mark. ADHD. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press Print. Trueit, Trudi Strain. ADHD. New York: Franklin Watts Print. [...]


[...] With the effects that it has on the people that it affects, it is clear that it is a disorder that is significant in the world today. ADHD is diagnosed about four times more in girls than in boys. However, the diagnosis of this disorder can easily be missed. This is because it has symptoms that are evident of other disorders. The worst part is that most of the clinicians have not yet received the formal training that is required for the treatment, as well as assessment of this disorder, especially in adults. However, the children and adults that have this disorder tend to adapt. [...]

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