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The Ayyubid dynasty Territories

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Mathew M.
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  1. Background
  2. Causes of rise of power
  3. Circumstance that led to rising to power
  4. Taxation and Jizya
  5. Methods and accuracy
  6. Conclusion

Saladin founded this dynasty. It ruled Egypt in the late 12th century up to the early 13th century. This dynasty is what later became Iraq, Syria and Yemen. This kingdom was named after Ayyub, Saladin's father, who was a member of the Kurdish soldiers of fortune. These soldiers took service in the 12th century under the Seljuq rulers in Iraq and Seria. Ayyub was elected as the governor of Damascus and together with his brother Shirkuh united Syria and fought the crusaders, displacing the Shiite Fatimid dynasty. He formed a very stable state making Egypt the most powerful in the world by that time. He died in 1193. After his death, his reign was upheld by al-Adil and al-Kamil, who were Saladin's brother and nephew respectively. After the death of al-Kamils death in 1238, the family began falling apart due to disputes thus weakening the dynasty. Mamluks rise to power after the battle of Al-Mansurar led to Ayyubid decline although his reign continued in some parts of Syria up to 1260.

[...] This contributed to him seize of power. After becoming the governor of Takrit, Saladin was assisted by his brother who both managed the city with a commitment. Their dedication attracted a lot of love from them by the people (Abdul 27) Saladins control over Egypt was reinforced by his defeat to Fatimid's army of 50,000 Nubians in Cairo. He appointed his family members to higher ranks in the state that further Surname 3 increased his power. The death of al-Adid in 1171 granted Saladin full control over the country and its resources. [...]


[...] Conclusion The Europeans developed new business interests when they came into contact with the Muslims. European market for agricultural products promoted international trade. The ayyubis controlled all the sea-routes which passed through the ports of Egypt and Yemen through the red sea. Surname 5 Bibliography Abdul. Islamic Dynasties of the Arab East: State and Civilization during the later medieval times. New Delhi: M.D Publications Print. John, Kristen and Mossler Figg. Trade, Travel and Exploration in the middle Ages: An Encyclopedia. New York: Routledge Print. [...]

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