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Comparison of the media systems between USA and China

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Petronila A.
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  1. Introduction
  2. Internet Censorship in China
  3. Internet Censorship in United States
  4. Newspaper Censorship in United States
  5. Analysis of the impact of the differences in media systems between USA and China
  6. Conclusion

Media is an overall term used to identify the different types of mediums that enriches us with vital information and knowledge (Sarah, 2011). It is a flow of information running throughout the society in a form of print, visual and audio mediums known as newspaper (newsletters, magazines and tabloids), television, radio and the Internet. These mediums play significant roles in communicating to the general public as an audience as well as changing their perception. Agencies in the advertising industry have seized the opportunity giving out repetitive messages of a place or brand that promises to improve people's lives and make them better, suggesting cost saving plans, educating people about bank loans and investment opportunities, and suggesting cost effective medicines. In our everyday lives we witness how we rely on the different types of media to assist and change us in our day-to-day activities making information more accessible and convenient just at a click of a mouse or an arm stretch away.

The newspaper, also known as print media differs slightly to magazines, newsletters and tabloids. However, these mediums mainly showcase news, entertainment or advertisement related information to audiences. Newspapers have been around since the time of Julius Caesar in the form of government bulletins kick starting journalism and later giving way to radio as a medium of communication. Radio was a huge turning point in how information was relayed to the general public. It was the first form of communication medium that could transmit voice over a long distance. People depended and still depend on source of news and information from the radio. In World War I radio was widely used to send messages when the Germans realized that the British had tapped its cables. Moreover, radio has made itself the medium that people seek to find information about what is happening around the world. However, the coming of the television and the Internet took the world by storm.

[...] Decisions on what get broadcast are taken by the programming directors but sometimes the propaganda ministry will sift through the programs and make changes (Hua, 2013). The China Central Television which is state broadcaster is usually monitored carefully, while regional stations do not have a lot of monitoring. Censorship on television focuses on the reporting of news, reporting on sports has a lot of freedom without censorship. In 2009, historical and revolutionary dramas, propaganda shows were to use Mandarin or face immediate ban, however in 2010 on China's state television there have been surprises with the airing of V for Vendetta, an anti- authoritarian movie that encourages popular uprising against the government (The Guardian, 2012). [...]


[...] Moreover, the Internet censorship gone beyond blocking YouTube, Flickr, Twitter and Facebook in order to prevent sensitive issues from being accesses including Tiananmen, torture, Taiwan, and Falun Gong. There have been other prominent cases of censorship like Google v. China (Ford, 2010). Google claimed in January 2011 that the Chinese government had attempted to steal the code to break into Gmail accounts of human rights activist which further highlights how far the Chinese government is willing to go to censor information communicated by online users. The response of the United States to China's censorship of the Internet has been swift with U.S. [...]


[...] The main difference between China and the United States is that China focuses on monitoring everything that is shown on the television and censoring what it deems inappropriate for its citizens, while in the United States only a particular situation may warrant censorship if it is seen to pose a threat to national security or cause an uprising of the general population. The issue running through broadcast censorship between the two countries is censoring what is deemed to be damaging to the government. Conclusion The differences in media systems between the United States and China have revealed insights into the most censored type of media system in both countries although the methods of how censorship is undertaken differ. [...]


[...] Among the different types of media, the Internet can be viewed as the greatest innovation that mankind has come up with. Communicating with other people locally, nationally or internationally has been made possible by the use of the Internet. Now people can have discussions on social media sites, send and receive instant messages using emails, having video conferencing with people in other countries, downloading research information from a fellow scientist in another continent, and participating in opinion polls among others. [...]


[...] ref=technology Murdoch, S. (2013, January 10). Chinese newspaper Southern Weekend calls for media reform.Retrieved from http://www.theaustralian.com.au/media/china-newspaper-southern- weekend-calls-for- media-reform/story-e6frg996-1226551214089 Opennet (n.d.). United States and Canada OpenNet Initiative. Retrieved from https://opennet.net/research/regions/namerica Philbin, M. (2011, September 19). Report: For Religion, They're Anti-Social Networks Media Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.mrc.org/cmi/articles/2011/Report_For_Religion_Theyre_AntiSoc ial_Networks.html Sarah, N. (2011, May 10). Types of Media. [...]

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