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Considerations on democracy and state in the modern world

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Young W.
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  1. Introduction
  2. The transformations
  3. Considerations on democracy and state in the modern world
  4. The state crisis
  5. Conclusion

The transformations that have occurred over the past three decades in the capitalist and socialist states brought to the discussion the importance of democracy as a determinant of the changes made largely in contemporary societies. The relationship between state and democracy becomes a rich analytical tool to understand and analyze the advances and setbacks of recent years in contemporary societies.

As we have witnessed over the last two decades, the neoliberal ideal processes the separation between the process of democratization and state reform. What we are seeing is an attempt to enforce the idea of a state modernization by improving its economic functionality without much concern for the democratization of the state. This is one of the key factors by which permeates the economic restructuring and policy, both in Latin America and Eastern Europe as in Western Europe and the United States. Of course this trigger reforms does not occur in a linear and unequivocally. Reforms in Latin American countries and in Eastern Europe are as distinct from each other as those occurring in Western Europe and the United States of America.

[...] In: Brazil at the turn of the century. Rio de Janeiro: Relume Dumará 1995. DAHL, R. Democracy and its critics. London: Yale University Press Evans, P. The state of the problem and the solution to. In: The politics of economic adjustment. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press DO, CAP Crisis in Swedish social democracy: the dissolution of old loyalties. Data - Journal of Social Sciences, v no FIORI, JL In search of lost dissent: critical essays on the celebrated state crisis. [...]


[...] There was hyperinflation, or there was a collective ownership system and state planning to be transformed. The reforms in Spain had a considerable impact on the level of unemployment, but on the other hand, the successive agreements between unions, government and private sector provided a better trade-off between wages and social policies. In the negotiations, the government often invoked that wage increases above a certain level would have negative consequences for public spending. The increases would have to be offset, reducing public resources for improving and increasing the supply of health services, education, unemployment benefits and so on. [...]


[...] The origin of the crisis would not be too strong state, but in too low a State. In Latin America, the authoritarian state lived with the speech subsidiary State, ie the guarantor State privileges and maintainer of preserving political structures of influence and power of the elite. This ideological and organizational conformation, despite advances in the democratic process, it is still striking in Latin American political life. The state crisis experienced in the major peripheral capitalist countries is based, among other things, the inability of the state to finance themselves, ie a chronic fiscal crisis, which prevents the state of public savings available to finance development policies. [...]


[...] It is expected to have happen in the next decade of this century, that is, in the 2010s. REFERENCES ANDERSEN, GE The Politics Against Market: the social democratic road to power. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press BATTLE, C. Le Mouvement Social Review No Critical Marxist, v no.1 / BIHR, A. Du graned soir et l'Alternative: le mouvement ouvrier en crisis. France: Les Éditions Ouvrières Cardoso, A. M C., A. The sectoral councils, productive modernization and democratization in labor relations in Brazil: the experience of the automotive sector. [...]


[...] The democratic process is an important factor in the allocation and distribution of resources in society. The importance given to the market by neoclassical, with a strictly economic view of the process, do not see the interaction of economics and politics as conflict factor and demand balance through the State to enable a better distribution of resources in the market. The neoliberals argue that the inclinations and interests of individuals expressed through voting - for example - and approved by the State of Welfare, which through their instruments, looking enable the manifestly woven policies of the electoral process and democratic commitment, are necessarily less efficient than market solutions. [...]

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