Country Differences, Cross-Border Trade and Investment Chapter (2-8)
- Emerging Economies
- Trade between emerging economies
History gives enough evidence to show that emerging economies are responsible for the shape of trade and investment in the international market for the last one decade. Emerging economies have continued to relate with each other and engage in free emerging markets. This essay produces an analysis of an article in the New York Times about the relationship of the emerging economies to other developed countries in the emerging markets. It shows how different countries relate in trade and investment regardless of their differences to provide Global Market Analysis in the last decade. The article analyzes the issue of trade and cross-border investments using models, theories and frameworks to support the economic relationships. It also provides an assessment and conclusions in the market based on the analysis. It concludes by giving specific recommendations to individual business managers to help them in the changing economic situations.
Emerging markets have faced great challenges in the past two years in an effort to rise from challenges arising from the global economic recession. They have currently shown signs of recovery with improvements in the stock markets with more international investments. This raises hope for international markets with chances to go back to their financial positions a decade ago. However, investors, business managers and economic strategists must take caution before making any trade and investment decisions. The emerging markets experience great changes in their economies both politically and economically. This demands economic analysis of each economy and market individually to enable general Global Market Analysis.
[...] East African countries provide raw materials especially to China. Asian countries produce more 60 percent of the exports in communications and information technologies. Trade between Asian countries has also increased from 35 percent in the early 1990s to 57 percent in 2010 in terms of intra- regional exports. Diversity in input costs and labor has also reinforced the growth of trade network in these countries. Emerging economies have also had significant growth of the middle class in the past decade. [...]
[...] This was due to their inward- looking economic policies which discouraged trade and investment in China. However, China and other emerging economies such as India and Brazil have changed their trade regulations to shift international competition in their favor. The new geography in business standards and material goods has already been mapped. Trade between emerging economies is gradually overtaking that between developed ones. Emerging-market relationship is also setting a strong base in many regions and countries percent of exports in Asia especially from China and India go to other emerging economies, an increase from 40 percent a decade ago. [...]
[...] Industries, commentators as well as individual investors have all betted on economic growth in these economies. This has brought in another component, integration of the economies by engaging in bilateral and multilateral trading and investment. Rapid growth in these economies is not only due to changes in their economic productivity but also due to positive political relationship. In the 1990s, the emerging economies had only a 44% of the world's international markets. This was both in investments in stock markets and actual trade in goods and services. [...]
[...] There has been an increase in preferential trade areas with benefits such as lower taxes and custom duties. Such trade areas include the ASEAN-China Free Trade Area which is the third largest after EU and NAFTA. India, China, South Africa, Russia and Brazil have also come up with trade agreements which will improve trade in these countries. An analysis of the foreign direct investment (FDI) for the last decade is important in determining the actual rate of growth in emerging economies. [...]