Declaration of independence evaluation
- The declaration of independence
- Hobessian perspective
- Hobbes counter declaration
- Rousseau perceptions
The declaration of independence was written and signed by the founding fathers of United States in 1776. The document was designed for the United States specifically and with philosophies and foundation of early thinkers. The idea of the declaration of independence was produced by the continental congress in quest of a strategy in the unification of the document. The document outlines the effects and causes of the colonizers and revolution in gaining support from the surrounding nations in case Britain was to use weapons of mass destruction. Declaration of independence was not entirely congress original work in terms of convictions and ideas. It has several similarities with the work of John Locke work about the American treatise.
The beginning clauses of the document that states that human kind was created alike with inalienable rights of liberty, life and freedom is in conjunction with the Locke philosophy. Locke point of view was that all the jurisdiction and power is equal with no citizen having more than the other does. The document further proceeds to emphasize that government is established through the decision of the citizens to protect their rights. Furthermore, it claims that in case the state does not address and protect the rights of the people then it will be the democracy of the citizens to abolish or alter the government. The Locke's philosophy is well enshrined in the document.
[...] Aristotle noted that the natural justice is a true species underlying the political justice. The scheme of corrective and distributive justice in connection to human rights can only be established under the political community terming its natural law. His argument is also for the opinion that the best political regime may not rule of law at all. In contrary to this, Hobbes is for the notion that natural right is one of self-preservation. Reference Burns, T., (2000). Aquinas's Two Doctrines of Natural Law. [...]
[...] The government is without duty to respect the rights of the individuals. The state of nature herein is the state of war hence Locke has claimed the people have the duty to respect the individual's rights even in the state of nature source of the duty being the natural law. There is also a difference to the Hobbes perception in that Locke argued differently about the property. They both agree that individuals have rights to any property in the state of nature. [...]