Effect of western powers on the Middle Eastern states Studies
- Effect of western powers
- Good health and universal literacy as the ends in welfare provisioning
The prevailing issues concerning health, education and labor within the Middle East are as a direct result of historical influence-and by extension design-of Western nations dating as far back as the Napoleonic wars. The origins osf these states were primarily after World War 1 through two main ways: Firstly, via the partitioning of the former Ottoman Empire largely by France and Britain according to their own interests and perceptions; Secondly, the resultant of anti-imperialistic struggle, revolutions and conquests (Gelvin).
So how did the influence of Western nations come into play several centuries later? The Constantinople Agreement of 1915 was struck in light of the collapse of the Concert and in fear of the fall out by either France or Russia from the entente powers at the eve of World War 1. To this end, the entente powers were given right to compensation for fighting their enemies (in this case the central powers) which was primarily to be curved out of the Middle East (Gelvin). Subsequent dealings further strengthened this offer stipulating compensation to be in form of direct European control over territories under the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War 1. They included the Treaty of London and Saint-Jean de Maurienne.
[...] Considering that the region is scarce of other natural resources save for oil and natural gas, there has been growing shift in policy making to increase the human resource with a view unto the future. However, prior to European consolidation and control, literacy within The Middle Eastern states were relatively limited to learning how to read the Quran as opposed to a means of productivity and self-sustenance (Richards and Waterbury). The World Bank 2005 statistics point to a general increase in life expectancy within the Middle East region of 25 years since 1970. [...]
[...] In conclusion, the influence of western powers is equally evident now as it was a century ago during the formation of the Middle Eastern states. There is mixed reaction to the role of these parties led by the most vocal United States with some calling them a necessary pioneer for both democracy, holistic development and elimination of the religious radicalism within the region that is a potent factor in their growth; whilst others consider the US as a meddler and enemy of Arab unity for fear of its strength both politically and economically globally. [...]