Attention deficit disorder
- Brain Injury label Minimum
- Attention Deficit Disorder
In the year 1902 the English physician George Fredick Still described, children who had behavior described as aggressive, defiant, unruly, cruel, with difficulties in attention and with little control. Dr. Still called these behaviors of a "defect in moral control." The doctor suggested that these children had a difficulty in inhibiting responses to stimuli and identified some kind of hereditary influence.
Subsequently, Meyer (1904) and also Goldstein (1936) observed similar behavior to that described by Still in children who had suffered traumatic brain injuries and disorders sugeri¬ram terms of Organic Comporta¬mento Cerebra Injury and which would, according to these authors , behaviors resulting from injuries.
Hohman (1922) observed similar behavior framework in children who had had encephalitis epidemic in 1917-18. Since these children were survivors of encephalitis, the author interpreted behavioral problems such as the sequels of a central nervous system injury.
[...] A certain level of activity, normal dispersion at two years is abnormal in the seventh. A child who was educated in order not to obey limits may behave in order to be interpreted as being hyperactive. Children with sensory loss may seem overly busy and distracting, and it's not always easy to identify auditory and / or visual problems. Put children in an unfavorable educational situation, such as in a school that uses a type of inappropriate pedagogy, may respond by becoming restless and distracting. [...]
[...] These numbers are statistics held in the US and do not necessarily reflect our reality. According to this association, the frequency with which this problem can be found in the adult population ranges from to 7%. The same sources also indicate that in about 25% of cases, find any close relative also affected, which would show the importance of family factors. As is the case in several other neuropsychological conditions, the male is the most affected in the proportion of three boys for every girl. [...]
[...] The authors of the 70's, believed that it was a feature of childhood condition, which improved significantly over the years, disappearing after adolescence. In 1972, Virginia Douglas presented a paper before the Canadian Psychological Association in which he suggested that the primary defects of these children would be the deficit in maintaining attention and impulse control, and not hyperactivity. From this observation, the work began to shift their focus of interest to the problems of attention and impulsivity. Soon after, Gabriel Weiss showed, with follow-up studies for long periods, that problems with attention and control of impulses persisted into adulthood. [...]
[...] The agitation and hyperactivity make the child moves very frequently change jobs and can not concentrate on one task for an extended period of time. Activities that require focused attention not like these children, so that will seek other types of activity. Physical activities are the most sought. Being, this excess of involuntary activity and is independent of the child's desire, as she is scolded by parents and / or teachers, will constitute a very negative self-image. Then come the frustrations. Acceptance by peers difficulties for disturbing the progress of play. [...]
[...] This is to be used the drugs prescribed by doctors and, at the same time parents and teachers should use techniques in order to effectively manage the home and school environment of the child to reduce the problems associated with ADD / H and TDA Anyway, hyperactivity is a disorder that must also be understood in a development perspective. The attention of the scope of problems, emotions, restlessness, impulsivity and difficulty in postponing rewards exert a very different impact on children of different ages. Although a group of hyperactive children can share several similar aptitude deficiencies, even two children randomly compared within the group may be experiencing very different problems. Bibliography SCHWARTZAMAN, Joseph Solomon. Attention deficit disorder. [...]