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Child Labor in India

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Daniel V.
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  1. Introduction
  2. Social perspective of child labor in India
  3. How does the following social aspects lead to child labor ?
  4. Economic perspective of child labor in India
  5. Health perspective of child labor in India
  6. Conclusion

Child labor can be defined as any practice that involves employing children in economic activities either on permanent full time or semi permanent part time basis. It involves the violation the minimum age laws and include the excruciating abuse such as child trafficking, forced labor, child slavery and illegal activities such as sexual exploitation (Sighn, 1990). The effects of child labor are adverse leading to the destruction of a child's mental, physical and emotional well-being. Child labor prevents the children from going to school and getting education that can make them realize their full potential. Child labor in general undermines the labor standards in various industries around the world (Burra, 1997)
According to International Labor Organization, there are over 215 million child laborers all over the world. Asia leads with over 114 million (53%) followed by Sub Saharan Africa with 65 million (30%).

Latin America has 14 million (7%) child laborers. India to be specific has the largest prevalence of child labor cases around the world. The children who are aged between 5 and 14 years of age as per the 2001 national census where 12.6 million out of 253 million children were in engaged in child labor. Among the 12.6 million children, 120000 worked in hazardous jobs (Wikipedia, 2014).

[...] Child Labor in India Outline Child Labor in India 1. Introduction What is child labor Background information on child labor in India Legislation in India against child labor 2. Social perspective of child labor in India a. How does the following social aspects lead to child labor caste system lead to child labor unfair distribution of national resources bonded labor high prevalence of corruption tolerance of child labor by parents high illiteracy levels 3. Economic perspective of child labor in India Growth of the informal sector Poor allocation of resources High level of unemployment Globalization and entry of multinational companies 4. [...]


[...] Child laborers are exposed to relatively high rates of injuries and health problems (Wikipedia, 2014). Children are exposed to pesticides that are dangerous and toxic, as a result, children have difficulty in breathing and acquire skin injuries. Sharp tools used pose a risk to the children since they may injure themselves by cutting their bodies (Forbes, 2014). Lack of sanitary services such as clean water for drinking, toilets or hand washing facilities expose the children to diseases as well as a poisonous consumption of chemicals. [...]


[...] In summation, child labor is inhuman in all its form. There should not be a justification that should make it look less unattractive. Children should not be exposed to harsh working environment until they are ready, that is from 17 years of age and above. In their younger years, they should attend school to acquire knowledge and skills that will help them choose their own jobs as they desire (Forbes, 2014). The government, on the other hand, should impose harsh punishment to employers who still use child labor against the constitution. [...]


[...] Corruption highly faces the Indian society. There are rules set by the constitution that forbids all child labor, but the rich in higher society always get away with their crimes. In addition to that, the parents are not aware of the regulations on child labor. There is a high parental illiteracy rate in India (Mishra, 2000). Many of the parents as well did not get education, and they do not know on the legal provisions pertaining child labor. The rich will pay off the police to let slide the use of child labor in their businesses. [...]


[...] There is a great gap between the rich and the poor (Mishra, 2000). The system has been one of the major causes of child labor. In a country where poverty is high, a large partition of the population is living under the poverty line. A third of the poor people in the world live in India. The poor in the society have been left in poor conditions living in shanties. Even with the industrialization of India, the benefits have not been trickled down to the lower class of the society (Mishra, 2000). [...]

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