- The division of psychology
- Neurochemical action
- Cognitive psychology
The division of psychology that deals with an individual's internal states and cognitive functions such as, attention, problem solving abilities, motivation, and even thinking is cognitive psychology. The expansion of cognitive psychology is noticeable by a number of milestones in the department of psychology. With the necessity for an alteration in methods and theories on how things are researched, certain advances in due course guided to the making of cognitive psychology. This editorial will envelop four of the highlights that directly influenced the division of cognitive psychology and also why visible behavior is imperative in cognitive psychology.
The first to be discussed of the four key high points that helped the pave the way to cognitive psychology was behaviorism. Behaviorism as a standpoint of psychology had its shortcomings such as not being able to account for all the experimental information that was being established (Willingham, 2007). The experimental information incorporated studies in memory and language. Another disadvantage to behaviorism was that it was based on the fundamental principle that psychology should only center the attention on that which was visible. Everything that was not visible, such as an individual's thoughts, was measured not to be significant to one's behavior.
[...] Cognitive psychology engages a duty that is inferential when dealing with behavioral observation. The cognitive psychologist must make clarification of the actions they observe in an individual and then come to a finalization concerning the abstract mechanisms fundamental to those specific behaviors (Braisby & Gellatly, 2005). Making use of a method called the hypothetico-deductive method that was developed by Hull; cognitive psychologists are able to create theories regarding the unobservable. Psychologists can check their theories by influencing visible behaviors. By means of this way a cognitive psychologists can acquire rudiments from the behaviorist viewpoint and illustrate the unobservable abstract constructs so as to have beforehand gone un-researched. [...]
[...] Behavior and Philosophy. Retrieved July from EBSCOHost Database. Goodwin, C. J. (2005). A history of modern psychology (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Willingham, D. T. (2007). Cognition: The thinking animal. New York, NY: Pearson Prentice Hall. [...]