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Cognitive behavior therapy and reality therapy

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psychology
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Liberty...

About the document

Tanya W.
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documents in English
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  1. Cognitive behavior therapy.
    1. REBT's theory of personality.
    2. Therapy goals.
    3. The therapist's role.
    4. The client's role.
    5. Techniques used by REBT therapists.
    6. Short term therapy.
    7. Alternatives to REBT.
  2. Reality therapy.
    1. Reality Therapy theory.
    2. Reality therapy's goals.
    3. The therapist's role.
    4. How Reality therapy works.

Many types of therapy have been called cognitive behavior therapy. Albert Ellis's Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) deals with cognition and behavior, assuming that people contribute to their psychological symptoms and issues by the way they interpret events and situations. REBT also assumes that people are born with both the potential to think rationally and to think irrationally, to be happy and loving and grow, as well as to make mistakes, be imperfect, and avoid growth. Emotional and behavioral problems start when people confuse preferences for needs. These irrational beliefs are learned in childhood from significant others as well as coming up with superstitions by ourselves. These beliefs and accompanying behaviors are reinforced by self-repetition, so they continue into adulthood. Ellis assumed that people do not need to be loved or accepted, and that most emotional disturbances are the result of blame. To solve these problems, people need to accept their imperfections and recognize and remove their irrational beliefs.

[...] I think it would be effective more many different people and issues, as the techniques are eclectic and address different aspects of problems cognitive, emotional, and behavioral issues. The combination of techniques can be adjusted easily to address any client's particular needs. I think the avoidance of transference and the focus on helping clients develop independence and competence without a significantly strong therapeutic relationship would help the progress of therapy and make termination easier as well as giving the client confidence to deal with future problems on their own. [...]


[...] Reality Therapy Reality Therapy theory assumes that people are born with five instinctual needs: survival, love and belonging, power or achievement, freedom or independence, and fun. Everyone has these needs, but in differing amounts. Unhappiness is caused by any of these five needs being unsatisfied. We then try to compensate and meet these needs, however, we do not meet those needs directly. We all have a quality world where we have stored everything we have done that has ever made us feel good. [...]

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