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Advanced Communication Theory Midterm

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Russell LLC
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Advanced
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psychology
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IUPUI

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Jenna M.
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documents in English
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term papers
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8 pages
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Advanced
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  1. Introduction
  2. Craig's first tradition
  3. The semiotic tradition
  4. Craig's focus on the phenomenological tradition of communication
  5. Craig's constitutive metamodel
  6. The conceptual thread that runs between the traditions
  7. Obstacles to examining the relationship between theory and practice
  8. Conclusion
  9. References

Communication is an omnipresent concept that traverses all aspects of an individual's life. However, when asked exactly what communication encompasses or how to define it, even communication scholars are left perplexed or overwhelmed at the varying degrees of answers that will undoubtedly be given to depict what communication actually is. Why is this? Communication appears in our world in a plethora of avenues and in countless ways due to varying degrees of association. Therefore, with innumerable ways of analyzing and discussing communication, a tangible model or theory of communication needed to be developed in order to better communicate about communication not only as a field but also a human construct. Robert T. Craig recognized the need to develop a metamodel in able to formulate more identifiable and valid communication theories within the field of communication studies. Craig posits in his article Communication Theory as a Field, "communication theory [is] a dialogical-dialectical field according to two principles: the constitutive model of communication as a metamodel and theory as a metadiscursive practice" (Craig, 1999). Craig is hypothesizing that communication theory should operate within an analytical space of logical argumentation, its dialectical nature, formulated through dialogue.

[...] dialectics: "Every concept is rational, is abstractly opposed to another, and is united in comprehension together with its opposites." In a more simplistic explanation, dialectics are framed by the idea that we understand the concept of by recognizing the concept of "down." Communication theory operates within those same constraints; it is a constant struggle of opposing ideas in order to frame its own definition and the theories that help guide the study of communication. Consequently, Craig constructs a constitutive metamodel based upon seven traditions not "organized by traditional means of disciplinary origin," but instead organized by "dividing the field according to underlying conceptions of communicative practice" (Craig, 1999). [...]


[...] This is one of the reasons why it is difficult to nail down just one particular way of looking at the relationship between theory and practice in communication studies. A second obstacle to examining the relationship between theory and practice is that there are numerous theories that are located within the field of communication studies. A study conducted by Anderson (1996) found that there were distinct ?theories,' 195 of which appeared in only one textbook [of the seven studied]? (Craig, 1999). [...]


[...] As such, communication theory and models must operate from what Craig (1999) describes as a ?conversational community with a tradition of argumentation.? As a communication scholar, one must engage in communication about communication. Craig's seven traditions have created that modern day framework, or as Dr. John Parrish-Sprowl called it: a ?tool from which communication can be categorized and studied depending upon the use of what particular avenue of communication is being researched or discussed. No matter what tradition or definition of communication one utilizes, one of Craig's most important themes that flows through all of the traditions is the idea of an ?active field? (Craig, 1999). [...]

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