Anthropological debates on rationality and modes of thought
- The method for anthropological studies by Steven Luke
- Robin Horton theory on African traditional thought and western science: empirical and non empirical rationality
This essay is based on Steven Lukes work ?Some Problems about Rationality' and Robin Horton's work ?African Traditional Thought and Western Science'. The anthropological debate on the rationality of the primitive mode of thought is linked with a problem of method for anthropologists. How can an anthropologist face a belief that seems to be irrational? Is the purpose of an anthropological study to give a judgment on the rationality of a belief or a mode of thought? If yes which criteria can be used to make the study in a scientific way? We have to question the anthropological approach of one of the main anthropological questions: did primitive people have alternative standards of rationality?