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Devolution

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  1. Historical account.
    1. The formation if United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
    2. How devolution was decided: Historical account.
  2. The Assemblies and Parliaments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland and how the devolution works.
    1. Devolution in Scotland.
    2. Devolution in Wales.
    3. Devolution in Northern-Ireland.
  3. The Devolution: Why and consequences.
    1. Inside United Kingdom: The reasons for choosing devolution.
    2. Issues already caused or expected to be caused by devolution.
  4. Bibliography.

Devolution is ?a form of subsidiary passing power back to the people ? ; ? it is the transfer to a subordinate elected body , on a geographical basis, of functions at present being exercised by Ministers and Parliament.? (?Definitely British, Absolutely American!?, Ellipses 2001). To understand better why the United Kingdom needed such a reform, we first need to explain how the United Kingdom was formed, which is interesting and not very well-known. We'll then make here a brief historical account of the formation of this Union, which is, still today, a sovereign state. Scotland resisted longer than the others to English rule. But at the end of the fifteenth century, their catholic queen, Mary I, is forced to abdicate after the Scottish reformation. 1603 : Her son, James VI succeeded his cousin Elizabeth I and then assumed the title of James I of England. It is the beginning of the reign of the Stuart family of ?Great Britain?. It's also the beginning of the Union of the Crowns, even if 2 separate parliaments remained. Yet, strong religious and political differences still divided the kingdom.

[...] Northern Ireland Assembly Elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly took place on the 7th of March The Northern Ireland Assembly remains suspended The Devolution : WHY and CONSEQUENCES Inside United Kingdom : the reasons for choosing devolution In Scotland, like in Wales, devolution was justified by the idea that it would help in bringing government closer to the people in the constituent states, by devolving powers to local governments in Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast in a ?quasi-federal relationship? with Westminster. [...]


[...] As no single party gained an overall majority at the elections, a coalition was negotiated between Labour (the largest party) and the Liberal Democrats (fourth largest party) .On the 14th of May 1999 the Lab-Lib Dem Partnership for Scotland agreement was signed and transfer of powers took place on July the 1st Elections are held every four years, on a fixed term basis (other than extraordinary general elections in special cases) and the Parliament operates a 4-year sessional sitting cycle, rather than the annual cycle used at Westminster. [...]


[...] - In 1998, after these referenda, three acts were voted, giving devolution a legislative reality (Scotland Act; Northern Ireland Act; Government of Wales Act) - Then followed the elections of the assemblies. Devolution was finally effective in UK The Assemblies and Parliaments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, or how the devolution works I. Devolution in Scotland The Scotland Bill, receiving royal assent and becoming the Scotland Act, provides Scotland with a Parliament, located in the Holyrood area of the capital Edinburgh, and Executive developed from the traditional ?Westminster? model. [...]

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