An analysis of drug abuse in sports: Why sportsmen resort to drugs to enhance their performance?
- Kinds of drugs
- Blood doping
- Autologous blood transfusion and homologous blood transfusions
- Induced Erythropotein (epo)
- Case studies of athletes using blood doping
- Reference list
Athletes face tremendous pressure to succeed during an event. They are not only pressurized by their peers but from external groups like fans, family etc. At times this pressure becomes extremely difficult to tolerate and affects the performance of the athlete. The high expectations from them lead them to believe that nothing but the best must be achieved, while this helps to boost their morale, it also leads them to extremes i.e. embracing the use of drugs to increase their performance. An athlete has a rigorous training regime which includes physical as well as mental toughness. They even have to modify their dietary habits in order to keep themselves in the best shape. Despite this, the intake of performance enhancing drugs has been on rise.
[...] prevent dramatic reductions in blood cell concentration, removal of each unit of blood occurs over 3-8 weeks because it takes this long to re- establish normal red blood cell levels? D. Mcardle etl al , 2000). The red blood cells are then separated from the plasma (centrifuged) and the plasma components are immediately re-infused while the remaining red blood cells are placed in cold storage. The packed red blood cells that have been centrifuged can be stored in two different ways they can either be refrigerated at or frozen at - 8 C. [...]
[...] Unfortunately, the modern era has witnessed explosive growth in new and different ways to achieve false victory. Blood transfusions were the cheaters choice of the 70s and early 80s, and new advances in science and sports medicine have seen the introduction of EPO during the 90s and into the millennium. But what has not changed in blood doping over the years is the serious health risks associated with the process. From researching the subject it seems that many athletes seem to have the mentality that they must win at any cost and that the potential risks of blood doping are a small price to pay for success. [...]