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Biography of Marcel Breuer

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  1. Marcel Breuer philosophy on architecture and its current implementation
  2. How it changed the future
  3. How Marcel Breuer implemented his philosophy in these buildings
  4. Marcel Breuer's other works
  5. How the economy affected the works of Marcel Breuer

Marcel Breuer, born May 1902 in Hungary, was a furniture designer, architect, and modernist. Breuer was among the most leading champions of the "International Style". Marcel Breuer concentrated on using new methods and newly advanced technology to generate an expressive art of an industrial era. He expanded sculptural expressions he acquired in a carpentry workshop at Bauhaus into an exclusive architecture (Ahmed & Suman, 2014). This invention made him the most prominent architect of the 20th-century design worldwide. Marcel Breuer was also a tutor at the Bauhaus, Pacesetter in metal-tube furniture, designed buildings, interiors, and furniture.

[...] The uniqueness of the style effortlessly finds its position alongside the others accomplished throughout his profession (Comer, Elms & Grabner, 2014). His plans, although executed in bricks or typified through his innovative use of armored concretes, rendered Marcel Breuer among the most renowned Modern architects of the 20th century. Some components of Breuer's design vocabulary like the horizontal rectangle or cantilever are recurring themes in his buildings, interiors, and furniture. Throughout his working profession, Breuer retained his inquisitiveness regarding modern materials and went on to apply them in innovative ways (Leatherbarrow & Wesley, 2014). [...]

[...] The structure appears like one sculptured from a complete block of concrete. Atlanta Central Library The Atlanta Central Library was the last building that Breuer designed in Atlanta He was very sick, and therefore did not attend the dedication service. The Atlanta Central Library appeared to be an advancement of the shapes and style used in the Whitney Museum, a sculptural building of cubes right angles (Song, 2015). The well-ventilated shapes, mixed with the dense massing of concrete, made the chief custodian of architecture Barry Bergdoll, of the Museum of Modern Art, to relate to this kind of construction as the ?invention of heavy lightness.? Flaine Ski Resort Located in Haute-Savoie, France, Flaine Ski Resort was built in 1969. [...]

[...] However, in 1935, with the emergence of World War II, the economy deteriorated significantly, businesses collapsed and other incurred losses (Song, 2015). Thus Breuer was forced to move from Germany to London, then later to U.S, to continue his architectural career. As World War II emerged in 1935, Breuer departed from Germany. He initially relocated to London and then later to the U.S in 1937, where he got employed by Joseph Hudnut as a teacher in Reference Ahmed, S., & Suman, F. A. (2014). [...]

[...] IBM Laboratory The IBM Laboratory in La Gaude, France, was built in 1962. Breuer allegedly ranked this building of manufactured concrete panels as one of his favorites. It's bold geometry and Brutalist façade, suspended above the landscape adjacent to Nice, communicate to the cold calculation and rationality of his customers, the computing giant. Ariston Hotel The Ariston Hotel located in Mar del Plata, Argentina was built in 1948. The building is a clover-shaped hotel that Breuer developed using volcanic tiles to slim down the structure. [...]

[...] Thus, the exhibition was among the institution's most influential and popular architectural exhibitions of the 20th century. UNESCO Headquarters The UNESCO Headquarters in Paris was constructed in 1951. Initially, Le Corbusier was endorsed to design this structure. However, budget concerns from his former UN project led to the commissioning of Breuer, Italy's Pier Luigi Nervi, and France's Bernard Zehrfuss (Song, 2015). Breuer left his hallmark on the frontage of the central building-the shaped three-pointed developing soaring concrete models that would be considered a signature of his public works for years to come. [...]

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