Edward Munch (Norwegian, 1863-1944) : Madonna (1895-1902)
- If it is difficult to put Edward Munch in a historical context. He is one of the fathers of Expressionism
- Munch experimented with multiples techniques as drawing, painting with oil and watercolor, and lithography
- Suggesting that Madonna is injured, Munch introduces violence and death feeling in this work
- If we keep in mind Freud's influence on Expressionism, Madonna can also be seen as a reference to the links between Munch and his mother
- In fact, like in this painting, women are depicted as real femmes fatales in numerous of Munch's works
- Munch created a very personal style, but he highly influenced other painters
Madonna is one of Munch's most popular images. It is a mix between a controversial image linked to a controversial artist, and a transcendent representation of women through different aspects. These are reflected in the different titles that had the painting: Madonna, Conception, Loving Woman, Monna and Annunziata. The first exhibition of Munch's paintings in Berlin in 1892 triggered a scandal. He had been invited by a group of painters called the Berlin's artists union. It was the first time that he exhibited his works abroad. Deeply disturbed and shocked by the Munch's paintings, a majority of German artists who were extremely conservative in terms of style decided to close the exhibition in spite of the protest.