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The history of the Islamic tile

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  1. Tile production.
  2. Decorative techniques.
  3. Underglaze and overglaze painting.
  4. Abbasid potteries.
  5. Ceramics industry of Iraq in the 10th century.
  6. The Seljuqs and Il-khanid era.

Islamic art is ?the art produced for rulers or population of Islamic culture? (Brend, 10). The Islamic world is so large and varied that it should come as no surprise that each region has its own style. However because they share the same Islamic identity, the styles come together producing objects that carried from one country to another.Tile production was a secretive practice. Workshops were headed by an ustad (master craftsman). The ustad had many apprentices. Many of these apprentices were members of his family. This helped to keep the method of tile production a family secret. With the passing of techniques to family members, there is slight deviation in ceramics through the centuries. Sometimes after the apprentices had finished their training they would stay on in the workshop or opened their own workshops in other locations. This would lead to the migration of techniques to other Islamic areas

[...] In other parts of the Islamic world, especially Kashan, tile production from 1243-1255 seems to have slowed or stopped due to Mongol invasions. However Afrasiyab in Samarqand in Central Asia and Raqqa on the Euphrates did not undergo ruin. Techniques and styles from these areas continued and increased after the Mongol invasions. These styles developed into chinoiserie motifs. They became known as ?Sultanabad ware'.Kashan was the major center of pottery from the twelfth to fourteenth century during Il- khanid rule. [...]

[...] ?Large-scale, extensive luster tile work began to be sued to decorate the interior of religious monuments, especially shrine complexes about the beginning of the 13th century. During the late 13th and 14th centuries, the Mongol period, the role of tile revetment as a kind of colorful decorative skin expanded considerably, extending to the exterior of buildings; at the same time a variety of new techniques and tile types were introduced? (Komaroff and Carboni, 7). Lustre was first used in Egypt in the 8th century to decorate glass. [...]

[...] In other places in the Middle East artists use tiles as a means of expression.Through our look at the history of the ?Islamic World? it is easy to see how tile and pottery styles from one region were found in other parts of the Islamic world. Trade allowed for styles to come together and create new styles. It also allowed for a style dominant in one region to be found in another. Works Cited Berendsen, Anne. Tiles: A General History. [...]

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