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Vincent Van Gogh's 'Railway Wagons'

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The work presented in this study is Vincent Van Gogh's ?Railway Wagons?, which was painted in 1888 during the artist's Arles period. This oil on canvas painting measuring 46 centimeters by 51 centimeters, is currently displayed at the Angladon Avignon museum, under the inventory number K 112. This painting was part of Prince Alexandre de Wagram's collection, and was acquired by Jacques Doucet subsequently. Doucet, who was born in 1853, was a famous Parisian couturier of the early twentieth century. Having assembled a brilliant collection of the classic works of the eighteenth century, Doucet began to collect modern art around 1912.

A friend and patron of the avant-garde artists, he assembled a unique collection which combined the signature works of Manet, Matisse, Van Gogh and Picasso. Jacques Doucet died in 1929. This work of Vincent Van Gogh was painted during his stay in Arles in Provence. In order to study Vincent Van Gogh's ?Railway Wagons?, we will first introduce the artist in a historical context and examine a short biography to get acquainted his work. In the second section, we will analyze this painting in order to provide clarification as to its style. Finally, we will compare this painting with his other works: ?The Old Mill? and ?The Church of Auvers-sur-Oise?, in order to highlight the stylistics presented above.

Vincent Willem van Gogh was born in Zundert in Holland on March 30, 1853. He eventually became a clerk at the Goupil art gallery in The Hague. In the letters Vincent exchanged with his brother Theo, he gives descriptions of sketches and carefully described his own paintings. In May 1873, he traveled to London and Paris. During this period, the artist was influenced by Millet, and based his first drawings on nature.

In Paris, where he arrived in March 1886 to join his brother Theo, he became a pupil of Cormon. He also discovered many artists, like Monticelli and his influence is revealed in the artist's paintings of flowers. Vince was also struck by the influence of Impressionist artists Monet, Sisley, and Pissarro. He also discovered Japanese art and adopted the sharpened reed to produce his works.

From 1887, his palette was adapted to bright, clear and transparent colors. During his Paris sojourn happened the most dramatic changes to his palette. Tired of life in Paris, he went to Arles in February 1888, aspiring to bring more light and clarity to his painitngs. One of the first letters from Vincent to his brother Theo, after sixteen hours of travel, says, "There might be a real advantage for many artists who love the sun and colors, to emigrate to the South." Provence revealed how the artist captured the beauty of linear landscapes bathed in glowing light. With the onset of dementia, in a particularly bad episode of the disorder, he cut his ear off and offered it to a prostitute. After his Arles period, he moved to Saint-Remy in Provence. In isolation, he began to paint, interpreting the colors himself. His paintings then reached the top of the Neo-Impressionist art. Finally, on 17 May 1890, he moved to Auvers-sur-Oise and painted with a certain enthusiasm the aspects of villages including the meadows, mills, churches, etc.

Tags: Neo-Impressionist art, Vincent Van Gogh's ?Railway Wagons?, Angladon Avignon museum

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